The British Prime Minister visited battleship KING GEORGE V at Scapa Flow.
The Prime Minister was brought from Scrabster on destroyer NAPIER,
arriving at 1240. Minesweepers SHARPSHOOTER and SPEEDY carried some staff
members to the battleship.
After a luncheon, the battleship, carrying Lord Halifax, the new
British ambassador to the US, departed Scapa Flow at 1630 escorted by
destroyers SOMALI, MATABELE, TARTAR, BEDOUIN.
This operation was codenamed PARCEL.
The Prime Minister returned to Scrabster on destroyer NAPIER,
departing at 1600/16th.
Destroyer COTTESMORE departed Scapa Flow at 1600 for Aberdeen to escort steamer LOCHNAGAR
The destroyer rendezvoused with the steamer at 0100/16th.
Destroyer COTTESMORE arrived back at Scapa Flow after the escort duty at
Destroyers LEGION and DOUGLAS departed Scapa Flow at 0430 to meet armed
merchant cruisers CHITRAL and LETITIA west of Cape Wrath at and escort them to their
On the 16th, the destroyers transferred to armed merchant cruiser
SALOPIAN and escorted her from the patrol position to Cape Wrath.
Convoy FS.388 departed Methil, escorted by destroyer GARTH and sloop
FLEETWOOD, and arrived at Southend on the 17th.
Convoy FS.389 departed Methil, escorted by destroyers VIVIEN and WALLACE,
and arrived at Southend on the 17th.
Sludge vessel MANCUNIUM (1286grt) was sunk on a mine two miles
northeast of Bar Light Vessel, Mersey.
All crew saved.
British steamer MAYWOOD (1823grt) was damaged on a
mine in 51-21N, 3-16W.
The steamer was beached in WhitmoreBay, Barry. The steamer was later
taken to Barry for drydocking.
British steamer KARRI (354grt) was damaged by a mine two miles north
of Bar Light Vessel, Mersey.
One crewman was lost.
The steamer was beached on the 16th at Tranmere. The steamer was taken
to Liverpool arriving on 10 April for
British trawler STALKER (197grt) was damaged by German bombing in
Hawke Roads, Grimsby.
The trawler anchored in Hawke Road, Grimsby. The trawler later sank but
was refloated and repaired.
Submarine TETRARCH departed Piraeus after a brief duty with the
Greek submarine base at Salamis.
Norwegian oil refinery tanker PELAGOS (12,083grt) and whalers STAR XXI (298grt), STAR XXII (303grt), STAR XXIII (357grt), STAR XXIV (361grt), STAR XIX (249grt) were captured by
German raider PINGUIN in 59S, 3W.
Norwegian whalers STAR XIX and STAR XXIV were scuttled when
intercepted by Sloop SCARBOROUGH on 13 March in 45N, 23W.
The rest of the tankers and whalers, less the three whalers which
escaped to the Falklands, captured on 14 and 15 January later arrived in France.
From the 15th to the 17th of January, German tanker NORDMARK embarked
food stores from captured British refrigerator ship DUQUESNA (8651grt) at
The German tanker then took the British ship in tow.
Italian submarine TORELLI sank Greek steamer NEMEA (5101grt) in 52-33N, 24-13W
and Norwegian steamer BRASK (4079grt) in 52-45N, 23-59W.
Seventeen crew on steamer NEMEA were lost. The steamer was abandoned, but was
reboarded on the 16th. Twelve crew was lost on the steamer BRASK. Survivours
from steamer BRASK were found on the Greek steamer when she was reboarded.
The Greek steamer later sank.
Convoy HX.103 departed Halifax, escorted by battleship ROYAL
SOVEREIGN, destroyer RESTIGOUCHE, corvette ARROWHEAD. The destroyer and the
corvette were detached the next day.
Convoy BHX.103 departed Bermuda on the 13th escorted locally
by armed yacht ELK and ocean escort armed merchant cruiser
MONTCLARE. The convoy rendezvoused with convoy HX.103 on the 18th and the
armed merchant cruiser was detached.
The battleship was detached on the 26th. On the 27th, destroyer
VANQUISHER and corvettes GENTIAN and VERBENA joined the convoy and were
detached later that day. On the 28th, destroyers VISCOUNT, WHITEHALL, WINCHELSEA joined the convoy
and were detached on the 31st, and arrived at Liverpool on 1 February.
Submarine REGENT sank Italian steamer CITTA DI MESSINA (2472grt),
which departed Tripoli on the 11th for Benghazi, escorted by torpedo boat
CENTAURO, in 32-59N, 14-11E off Benghazi.
Aircraft carrier ILLUSTRIOUS was damaged by German bombing in dock.
Australian light cruiser PERTH, refitting at Malta, was damaged by a
near miss which caused underwater damage aft, including her propeller shafts.
Destroyer DECOY, which had completed repairs this day from her
November 1940 bombing, was struck by bombs.
British steamer ESSEX (11,063grt) was damaged by German bombing at
Malta during the night of 16/17
Steamer ESSEX was damaged further by German bombing on 9 March.
Light cruiser PERTH departed Malta at 2200/16th and arrived at
Alexandria at 1400/18th.
Battleship BARHAM, aircraft carrier EAGLE, light cruiser AJAX and destroyers STUART,
DAINTY, HASTY, GRIFFIN departed SudaBay to return to Alexandria. They were joined outside the
net by destroyers VAMPIRE, VENDETTA, WRYNECK from Piraeus. Force X, less destroyers
DAINTY, HASTY, WRYNECK, arrived at 0700/18th. The three destroyers arrived a
half hour later.
Aircraft carrier EAGLE was out of action, her speed reduced to sixteen
knots, due to problems with leaking stern glands.
Heavy cruiser YORK and destroyers ILEX, WRYNECK, VENDETTA, VAMPIRE
departed SudaBay to make an anti-submarine
sweep in the KasoStrait before convoy AN.12's
Submarine URSULA departed Gibraltar for patrol in the Gulf of Genoa. She arrived at Malta on the 29th.
Submarine PARTHIAN departed Piraeus after a brief duty with the
Greek submarine base at Salamis.
Convoy US008/1 departed Colombo for Suez with Norwegian steamer
CHRISTIAAN HUYGENS (16,287grt), British steamers CITY OF LINCOLN (8039grt),
DEVONSHIRE (11,275grt), DILWARA (11,080grt), DOMINION MONARCH (27, 155grt),
Dutch steamers INDRAPOERA (10,825grt), JOHAN DE WITT (10,474grt), Egyptian
steamer KHEDIVE ISMAIL (7290grt), British steamers LANCASHIRE (9557grt),
NEVASA (9213grt), Dutch steamers NIEUW HOLLAND (11,066grt) and SLAMAT
(11,636grt), British steamers RAJULA (8478grt), ROHNA (8602grt), THURLAND
Minelaying cruiser ADVENTURE, entering LiverpoolBay from Milford Haven, struck a
The damaged cruiser was assisted by tugs.
The cruiser was under repair at Liverpool from 23 January to 27 June.
Anti-aircraft ship CURACOA departed Scapa Flow at 1100 to meet convoy WN.69
The ship returned to Scapa Flow after the escort duty at 2230/16th.
Convoy FN.385 departed Southend, and arrived at Methil on the 18th.
Minesweeping trawler DESIREE (213grt, P/Skipper E. L. Fiske RNR) was sunk on a mine in the
There were no casualties on the trawler.
U.106 sank British steamer ZEALANDIC (10,578grt) in 58-28N, 20-43W.
The entire crew and all passengers were lost. Among the passengers was
Lt F. J. Wood en route to duty in CEREBUS II, Lt G. W. Holden, two Australian
Destroyer LEGION was detached from the escort of armed merchant
cruiser SALOPIAN to assist, but no contact was made.
The destroyer arrived at Scapa Flow at 2200/21st.
Italian submarine TORELLI sank Greek steamer NICOLAOS FILINIS
(3111grt) in 53N, 24W.
Three crew were lost.
U.96 sank British steamer OROPESA (14,118grt) in 56-28N, 12W.
Ninety nine crew, one gunner, six passengers were lost. Included in
the passengers lost were T/Sub Lt (E) S. Milliken RNR, T/A/Sub Lt (E) T. M.
Phillips RNR, en route to join armed merchant cruiser QUEEN OF
Greek steamer MEANDROS (4581grt) was badly damaged by German bombing
in 55-15N, 11-40W.
All crew were rescued.
The steamer was taken in tow, but lost touch with H. M. ship during
night. The wreck was subsequently sunk by a Royal Navy ship.
Dutch tanker ONOBA (6256grt) was sunk by German bombing in 55-55N,
The entire crew was rescued.
British steamer GLADONIA (360grt) was damaged by German bombing off
Sunk Light Vessel.
British steamer ROMSEY (509grt) was damaged on a mine in 51-41N,
The steamer was beached in Dale Road.
British steamer SKJOLD (1345grt) was damaged by German bombing north
British steamer LLANWERN (4966grt) was damaged by German bombing at
French light cruiser LAMOTTE PICQUET escorted by sloops AMIRAL CHARNER
and DUMONT D'URVILLE and old sloops TAHURE and MARNE as Task Force 7 sortied from
Light cruiser NAIAD arrived at Scapa Flow after duty escorting convoy
Corvette RHODODENDRON was damaged by mining in LiverpoolHarbour.
The corvette was repaired in three months at Liverpool.
Convoy FN.386 departed Southend, and arrived at Methil on the 19th.
Convoy FS.390 departed Methil, escorted by destroyer VERDUN and sloop EGRET, and arrived
at Southend on the 19th.
U.96 sank British steamer ALMEDA STAR (14,935grt) in 58-16N,
All crew, gunners, passengers were lost. The passengers included 142
Fleet Air Arm Royal Navy officers and ratings and thirty five other ratings
en route to Piarco, Trinidad for duty in the Fleet Air Arm base HMS GOSHAWK.
Lt Cdr N. G. R. Crawford, Lt J. C.B. Boucher, Lt A. W. N. Dayrell, DSC, of
the Instructional Staff, Lt (A) G. V. Aylott and T/Lt (A) R. V. Wrightson
RNVR, of 749 Squadron, T/Lt (A) G. A. Alderson RNVR, T/Lt (A) P. G.
Aldrich-Blake RNVR, T/Lt (A) L. F. Findlay RNVR, T/Lt (A) G. Williamson RNVR,
T/Sub Lt (A) C. J. Davis RNVR, T/Sub Lt (A) D. F. A. McBain RNVR, of 750
Squadron, Lt (A) M. D. Donati, Sub Lt (A) M. H. N. Allen, T/Lt (A) R. W.
Anderson RNVR, T/Lt (A) J. Carr RNVR, T/Lt (A) H. C. Friday RNVR, T/Lt (A) E.
M. Lamb RNVR, T/Lt (A) W. A. Richardson RNVR, T/Sub Lt (A) J. S. Rowson RNVR,
P/T/Sub Lt (A) M. A. Manuel RNVR, P/T/Sub Lt (A) T. H. Trubridge RNVR, of 752
Squadron, eighty two ratings from GOSHAWK, including Chief Petty Officer
Airman A. W. Dicks, Petty Officer Airmen S. E. Andrews, W. S. Bath, I. H.
Cook,B. W. A. Evans, E. G. Paksell, thirty nine ratings, including Petty
Officer Airman D. A. C. Wynell-Sutherland, from DAEDALUS were lost.
Destroyer DOUGLAS was detached from the escort of armed merchant cruiser SALOPIAN to
assist, but was low on fuel and had to proceed to Scapa Flow, arriving at 2200. Destroyer
ST ALBANS, also escorting cruiser SALOPIAN, was sent in her place.
Destroyers BEAGLE and BRILLIANT, after escorting convoy WS.5B,
refuelled at Londonderry and were sent to search and sweep in the area.
Destroyers SOMALI, MATABELE, BEDOUIN, TARTAR, completing their escort
of battleship KING GEORGE V, were ordered to carry out an anti-submarine
search along the latitude of 58 N, north of Rockall. If no results were
obtained, the destroyers were then ordered to return to Scapa Flow.
On the 18th, destroyer BEAGLE was detached to escort steamer JAMAICA
PLANTER clear of the danger zone to the Minches. The destroyer then arrived
At 0700/20th, an unsuccessful attack was made on a submarine contact
in 59-40N, 17-52W by the SOMALI group.
At 0802 on the 21st, destroyer TARTAR attacked a submarine contact.
Destroyer BRILLIANT arrived at Scapa Flow at 1100/22nd.
Destroyer SOMALI developed hull defects on the 22nd. This, all the
destroyers low on fuel, caused the 6th Destroyer Flotilla destroyers to
proceed to Loch Alsh, arriving at 1830/22nd.
The destroyers were able to depart Loch Alsh at 1815/23rd to return to
arriving at 0500/24th.
Destroyers LANCASTER departed Portsmouth and BRIGHTON departed Plymouth en route to Scapa Flow for working up exercises.
Destroyer BRIGHTON arrived at 1630/19th.
Destroyer LANCASTER, after being held up by bad weather, arrived at
Scapa Flow at 1200/21st.
Anti-aircraft ship CURACOA departed Scapa Flow at 1130 to meet convoy WN.70.
However, the convoy was delayed and the ship was recalled to Scapa Flow, arriving at 1430.
British tanker ATHELDUKE (8966grt) was damaged on a mine in 51-21N,
The tanker was beached in WhitmoreBay.
Norwegian steamer THOROY (2671grt) was damaged by German bombing at
Panamanian tanker NORVIK (9555grt) was damaged by German bombing at
Norwegian steamer NOVASLI (3204grt) was damaged by German bombing in
the drydock at Swansea.
Operation BLUNT was to have taken place. This was a raid on Kaso by
naval forces and Commando troops from Crete.
The operation was postponed for twenty four hours.
Heavy cruiser YORK and destroyers ILEX, MOHAWK, JUNO, HEREWARD for the operation
were operating north of Kaso Straits.
Minesweeper FAREHAM stood by at Candia.
On the 18th, the operation was cancelled.
Heavy cruiser YORK proceeded to Piraeus for escort duty with convoy
AN.12. The destroyers returned to Alexandria.
Destroyers GREYHOUND, JANUS, DEFENDER departed Alexandria to escort convoy AS.12 from
Piraeus to Port Said.
Convoy AS.11 arrived at Port Said escorted by corvettes PEONY
Corvettes HYACINTH and SALVIA departed Port Said with two merchant ships for
Alexandria arriving that day.
Monitor TERROR and gunboat APHIS departed Alexandria at 1800 for Operation IS 1,
the bombardment of Tobruk during the nights of 18/19 and 19/20 January.
Light cruiser ORION, anti-aircraft cruiser BONAVENTURE, destroyers
JERVIS, NUBIAN, HERO departed Alexandria at 0400/18th to support this
operation. The cruisers operated northeast of Tobruk and the destroyers to
Bad weather postponed the operation for twenty four hours.
Monitor TERROR and gunboats GNAT and LADYBIRD bombarded positions at
Marsa el Shal near Tobruk during the night of 20/21 January.
Convoy HG.51 departed Gibraltar, escorted by sloop FOLKESTONE. Destroyer
FIREDRAKE joined the escort on the 18th and continued with the convoy until
On the 30th, destroyer VOLUNTEER and corvettes BLUEBELL and CANDYTUFT
joined the escort. Sloops EGRET and LONDONDERRY joined on the 31st. Destroyer
WESTCOTT was involved in local escort duties near the destination, and
arrived on 3 February at Liverpool.
French submarine ATALANTE arrived at Oran after departed Toulon on the 14th. The submarine
departed Oran on 18 February and arrived at
Casablanca on the 20th.
Convoy BN.13 departed Aden, escorted by light cruiser
CALEDON, destroyer KIMBERLEY, sloops FLAMINGO, INDUS, PARRAMATTA, SHOREHAM, gunboat CRICKET.
The destroyer, sloop SHOREHAM, the gunboat were detached on the 18th, sloop
PARRAMATTA on the 20th, light cruiser
CALEDON and sloop INDUS on the 21st, sloop FLAMINGO
on the 22nd. Sloop CLIVE joined on the 22nd and the convoy arrived at Suez on the 24th.
A French force led by light cruiser LAMOTTE PICQUET attacked a force
of Siamese warships in Indo Chinese waters.
Without loss to themselves, the French damaged Siamese coastal defense
ships SRI AYUTHIA and DONBURI and sank torpedo boats TRAD,
SONGHKLA, CHOMBURI during operations in the Kho Chang Archipelago in the
Gulf of Siam.
Defense ship DONBURI was badly damaged and stranded. When the ship was
towed off, she sank.
Defense ship SRI AYUTHIA was torpedoed by LAMOTTE PICQUETT and
beached in the River Chantaboum.
Destroyer CASTLETON, under repair at Portsmouth, was damaged by near misses
of German bombing.
Destroyers KELLY, KIPLING, KASHMIR, JACKAL arrived at Plymouth from Greenock for anti-submarine duties.
Convoy OB.275 departed Liverpool, escorted by destroyers
MONTGOMERY, WILD SWAN, WITCH, sloop ABERDEEN, corvettes CAMPANULA, FLEUR
DE LYS, GARDENIA, PERWINKLE. The escort was detached when the convoy
dispersed on the 22nd.
Convoy FS.391 departed Methil, escorted by destroyers VALOROUSD and
VORTIGERN, and arrived at Southend on the 20th.
Armed merchant cruiser ASTURIAS captured Vichy French steamer MENDOZA
(8199grt) sixty miles east of Montevideo.
The steamer was taken to Freetown, arriving on 1 February.
British tanker BRITISH UNION (6987grt) was sunk by German raider
KORMORAN at 26-34N, 30-58W.
Thirty six crew were taken prisoner. Eight crew were rescued and one
Norwegian tanker SANDEFJORD (8038grt) was captured in the South Atlantic by German heavy cruiser
Greek steamer CHELATROS (3489grt) was damaged by German bombing at
German steamer GODFRIED BUEREN (4664grt) was sunk on a mine in the
Light cruiser GLOUCESTER departed Alexandria at 0500 for Port Said to hoist out her DCT which
was damaged in the 11 January bombing.
The DCT was found beyond repair. Light cruiser GLOUCESTER departed Alexandria on 13 February for Port Said where damaged light cruiser
LIVERPOOL's DCT was fitted on GLOUCESTER.
Sub Lt A. S. Griffith was killed when his Fulmar of 806 Squadron from
aircraft carrier ILLUSTRIOUS was shot down off Malta.
A second Fulmar of the Squadron was also shot down on this date, but
the crew was rescued.
Italian steamer LELIO (1384grt) was sunk on a mine at La Spezia.
Convoy BS.12 D.departed Port Sudan, escorted by destroyer KIMBERLEY and sloop YARRA. The convoy
was dispersed off Aden on the 20th.
Light cruiser GALATEA, repairing since 17 October at Chatham, departed Sheerness.
The light cruiser arrived at Scapa Flow on the 20th to rejoin the
CS.2 transferred to light cruiser GALATEA on the 23rd.
Destroyer BOREAS, under repair at London, was damaged by German
Corvette HONEYSUCKLE was damaged by mining off Bar Light Vessel.
The corvette was repaired in three months at Liverpool.
Convoy OG.50 departed Liverpool escorted by destroyers MALCOLM, SHIKARI, SKATE,
sloop DEPTFORD, corvettes ARABIS and LA MALOUINE, anti-submarine trawlers
LADY ELSA, WELLARD, ZENO, ocean boarding vessel MARSDALE.
The destroyers, corvettes, trawlers were detached on the 20th and the
ocean boarding vessel on the 22nd.
Sloop DEPTFORD escorted the convoy through to Gibraltar, arriving on the 31st.
Convoy FN.387 departed Southend, and arrived at Methil on the 21st.
Convoy FN.388 departed Southend, and arrived at Methil on the 21st.
British steamer BONNINGTON COURT (4909grt) was sunk by German
bombing 9.5 cables 275°from Sunk
Two crew were lost.
Dutch steamer DIANA (312grt) was sunk by a mine in 51-18N, 3-10W.
Two crew were rescued.
British steamer ZELO (2294grt) was damaged by German bombing off Sunk
Italian submarine NEGHELLI attacked Greek destroyer PSARA in the Aegean.
Anti-aircraft cruiser CALCUTTA and destroyers GREYHOUND,
DEFENDER, JANUS departed Piraeus at 0800 escorting convoy
AS.12 of steamers CLAN CUMMING (7264grt), CLAN MACDONALD (9653grt), EMPIRE
SONG (9228grt) from Pireaus to Alexandria.
British steamer CLAN CUMMING was damaged by a torpedo at 1153 from
Italian submarine NEGHELLI off Piraeus near San Giorgio Island in
The steamer was able to arrive back at Piraeus at 1900 under its own steam
with torpedo damage forward, escorted by destroyer JANUS.
The submarine was sunk by destroyer GREYHOUND off Crete.
The other two ships of the convoy arrived at Port Said on the 21st.
Anti-aircraft cruiser CALCUTTA and destroyers GREYHOUND,
JUNO, DEFENDER proceeded to Alexandria.
Aircraft carrier ILLUSTRIOUS in dock at Valletta, Malta, was damaged by two misses of
The aircraft carrier was thrown against the wharf and sustained damage
below the water line. Her port turbine was fractured and the boiler room
Destroyer IMPERIAL in dock from her October mining was near missed,
but not damaged when debris from the dock was blown into the dock.
A Fulmar of 806 Squadron from ILLUSTRIOUS was shot down after shooting
down a JU 87. Lt R. S. Henley and Naval Airman A. S. Rush were both picked
On the 19th, operation IS 1 was cancelled due to bad weather.
The cruisers and destroyers were withdrawn for other operations and
proceeded to SudaBay.
Gunboat APHIS was having problems with the weather. Two destroyers and
an aircraft were sent to assist her.
The gunboat was found at 1300 off Damietta. Destroyer GRIFFIN escorted the gunboat to Port Said arriving at 0700/20th.
Gunboat APHIS was under repair until 27 January at Port Said.
Convoy AN.12 arrived at Piraeus on the 18th. Escorting heavy
cruiser YORK also arrived at Piraeus.
Light cruiser AJAX departed Alexandria for SudaBay.
Destroyer DECOY, under repair in dock at Malta, was damaged by German
However, her completion was not delayed.
Convoy BS.13 departed Suez. The convoy was joined on the
20th by sloops CLIVE and GRIMSBY. The sloops were relieved on
the 22nd by light cruiser CALEDON and sloops FLAMINGO, INDUS, PARRAMATTA. The convoy was dispersed on
Convoy SLS.63 departed Freetown, and arrived at Liverpool on 13 February.
A possible breakthrough of a German raider through the Iceland-Faroes
passage was detected by W/T traffic.
Light cruisers ARETHUSA and NIGERIA departed Scapa Flow for patrol at 0600.
Light cruiser AURORA and destroyers ESCAPADE, ECLIPSE, ECHO, ELECTRA departed Scapa Flow at 1030 to meet battleship
PRINCE OF WALES off Liverpool.
When the battleship's departure was delayed until 25 January, the
escort ships were ordered back to Scapa Flow, arriving at 0815/20th.
Convoy OB.276 departed Liverpool, escorted by destroyers
ANTELOPE and ANTHONY, corvettes ORCHIS and PICOTEE, seaplane carrier PEGASUS,
anti-submarine trawlers ARAB, AYRSHIRE, LADY MADELEINE. Corvette PICOTEE was
detached on the 23rd and the remainder of the escort on the 24th when the
Destroyer BELMONT departed Scapa Flow at 1715 for Liverpool after completing her working
The destroyer arrived at 1000/22nd.
Minesweeping trawler RELONZO (245grt, T/Skipper A. E. Slater RNR) was sunk on a mine in Crosby
Slater, T/Skipper W. Copeman RNR, seventeen ratings were lost
on the trawler.
Dutch steamer BARNEVELD (5597grt) was captured by German heavy cruiser
ADMIRAL SCHEER at 1200 miles from Freetown in 7S, 3E.
T/Instructor Lt C. L. Broad, BSc, en route to light cruiser AJAX,
Surgeon Lt Cdr W. Greaves MB, CHB, en route to destroyer depot
ship WOOLWICH, Lt A. R. Cheyne, en route to submarine depot ship MEDWAY, were
captured and made prisoners of war.
The steamer was sunk the next day by the heavy cruiser.
Dutch steamer HEEMSKERK (6516grt) was badly damaged by German bombing
in 53-43N, 16-07W.
Eight crew were missing. The rest were rescued.
The steamer sank on the 21st.
British steamer TREGARTHEN (5201grt) was damaged by German bombing in
The steamer arrived at Oban.
U.94 sank British steamer FLORIAN (3174grt) in the North Atlantic west of the Faroes.
Italian submarine MARCELLO sank Belgian steamer PORTUGAL (1550grt) in 50N, 19W.
Steamer PORTUGAL reported missing after 20
January. German intelligence identified this ship as Greek steamer ELENI
British steamer VASCO (2878grt) was damaged by German bombing at
One crewman was killed and eight were wounded.
British steamer STANPARK (5103grt) was sunk German heavy cruiser
ADMIRAL SCHEER at 9-27S, 3-00W.
The entire crew was taken prisoner.
Destroyer GALLANT, which had been mined on the 10th, was paid off into
dockyard hands after damage by German bombing in MaltaHarbour.
The anti-aircraft guns from destroyer GALLANT were fitted on store
For Operation MBD 2, also called Operation INSPECTION, the extraction
of damaged aircraft carrier ILLUSTRIOUS from Malta, the following forces were
Force A - Destroyers JERVIS (D.14), JUNO, JANUS, GREYHOUND to operate
in the vicinity of SudaBay.
Force A departed SudaBay on the 21st for Malta.
Force B - Light cruisers ORION (VA LF) and AJAX, anti-aircraft cruiser
BONAVENTURE, heavy cruiser YORK and destroyers ILEX (D.2) and
HERO to operate in the vicinity of SudaBay.
Force C - Battleships BARHAM and VALIANT, light cruiser PERTH,
destroyers STUART, NUBIAN, MOHAWK, HASTY, DIAMOND, GRIFFIN came to short
notice at Alexandria.
On the arrival of the convoy AS.12 escorts at Alexandria, destroyer HEREWARD relieved
destroyer STUART in the Force C screen.
Convoy AN.13 departed Alexandria at 1800 escorted by anti-aircraft
cruiser COVENTRY and destroyers WRYNECK and
VENDETTA with British steamers ULSTER PRINCE (3791grt), LANARKSHIRE
(9816grt), PORT HALIFAX (5820grt).
Corvettes SALVIA and HYACINTH proceeded in company to establish a
patrol in the Kithera Straits
The Kithera Straits patrol began on the 22nd with the corvettes,
anti-submarine trawler KINGSTON CYANITE, Sutherland aircraft from Scaramanga
in the Piraeus area, and arrived at Suda Bay on the 22nd and Piraeus on the
Anti submarine trawlers SOUTHERN ISLE and SOUTHERN MAID of the 22nd
Anti Submarine Group departed Alexandria to relieve anti-submarine
trawler AMBER at Sollum.
Minesweeping trawlers MILFORD COUNTESS and ARTHUR CAVANAGH and boom
working vessel MAGNET departed also departed Alexandria for Sollum to begin work
Convoy SL.63 departed Freetown escorted by armed merchant
cruiser CANTON to 9 February, sloop MILFORD to 24 January, corvettes
CLEMATIS to 22 January and CYCLAMEN to 24 January.
On 7 February, destroyers ACHATES and ANTELOPE joined. On 8 February,
corvette PICOTEE joined for the day only.
On the 9th, the destroyers were relieved by destroyers ANTHONY for the
day only andGEORGETOWN, sloop FLEETWOOD for the day only, corvette HEATHER to
10 February, anti-submarine trawler AYRSHIRE for the day only, and arrived on
Destroyer INTREPID and submarine SEALION took part in a special
exercise off Blyth.
Following the exercise, destroyers INTREPID and IMPULSIVE converted to
minelayers and sailed to Scapa Flow to arrive on the 24th.
Destroyer DOUGLAS departed Scapa Flow at 1600 for Aberdeen to escort steamer BEN MY CHREE to Lerwick.
The destroyer was recalled at 2100 was the steamer was delayed by bad
weather. Destroyer DOUGLAS arrived at Scapa Flow at 1030/22nd.
The destroyer departed at 1445/23rd to meet the steamer. The steamer
was delayed, but the destroyer was ordered to await her departure.
The steamer was escorted to Lerwick. Destroyer DOUGLAS was recalled to
at 1900 and arrived at 0230/26th.
Destroyer LEGION in a storm westward of CavaIsland dragged anchors and fouled
the Hoy Boom.
With the aid of tugs, the destroyer was cleared and she was towed to
an anchorage on the eastern side of the Flow.
Convoy FN.389 departed Southend, and arrived at Methil on 23 December.
Minesweeper TEDWORTH was extensively damaged in a gale in the Clyde.
British steamer TEMPLEMEAD (4427grt) was sunk by German
bombing 54-14N, 14-30W.
Fourteen crew were lost.
Tug ENGLISHMAN (487grt) was sunk by German bombing forty miles west of
The crew of seventeen and one gunner were all lost.
German steamer BRECHSEE (688grt) was sunk on a mine off Malmo.
Light cruiser ORION joined heavy cruiser YORK at Piraeus.
Light cruiser AJAX and anti-aircraft cruiser
BONAVENTURE covered convoy AN.13 through the Kaso Straits during the night of
Heavy cruiser YORK and light cruiser ORION called at SudaBay at 1600/22nd to oil.
At 0800/23rd, heavy cruiser YORK and light cruisers ORION,
AJAX, BONAVENTURE and destroyers
ILEX and HERO rendezvoused in 36-00N, 24-02E for operation MBD 2.
Destroyers JERVIS, JANUS, JUNO, GREYHOUND departed SudaBay for Malta during the evening of 21
January and arrived on the 22nd.
The 1st Battle Squadron at Alexandria remained in harbour until 22
A British attack on Tobruk was supported at sea by monitor TERROR,
gunboats LADYBIRD and GNAT, destroyers STUART, VAMPIRE, VOYAGER.
During the night of 21/22 January, Australian destroyer VAMPIRE sank
Italian schooner DIEGO (63grt) west of Tobruk.
The destroyer took the crew of ten prisoner.
Convoy HX.104 departed Halifax, escorted by armed merchant
cruiser RAJPUTANA and corvettes ARROWHEAD EYEBRIGHT, SPIKENARD. The armed
merchant cruiser was detached on 21 February.
On 3 February, destroyers ARROW and CHURCHILL and corvettes AUBRETIA
and HOLLYHOCK joined the escort. Destroyer CHURCHILL and corvette AUBRETIA
were detached on 6 February and the remainder of the escort on 8 February,
and arrived at Liverpool on 8 February.
Convoy BHX.104 departed Bermuda on the 21st escorted by ocean
escort armed merchant cruiser ALAUNIA. The convoy was routed direct to Liverpool.
Battleship KING GEORGE V escorted the convoy from 31 January to 3
February. The armed merchant cruiser remained with the convoy until 4
February. On 5 February, destroyers HAVELOCK, HESPERUS, LINCOLN, SHIKARI,
SABRE, corvettes CLARKIA and GLADIOLUS, anti-submarine trawlers NORTHERN
WAVE and WELLARD joined. Destroyer
HAVELOCK and corvette CLARKIA were detached on 7 February.
Destroyers HESPERUS, LINCOLN, SHIKARI were detached on 8 February. The remaining
corvette and the two trawlers escorted the convoy into Liverpool arriving on 9 February. Anti
submarine trawler LEEDS UNITED escorted the Milford Haven local section.
Light cruisers ARETHUSA and NIGERIA arrived at Scapa Flow at 1805 after patrol.
German battlecruisers SCHARNHORST and GNEISENAU departed Kiel to raid in the North and
Central Atlantic in Operation BERLIN.
British Admiral Tovey departed Scapa Flow at 2320/25th to intercept
with battleships NELSON and RODNEY, battlecruiser REPULSE, lights cruisers
ARETHUSA, GALATEA, AURORA of the 2nd Cruiser Squadron, MAURITIUS, NAIAD,
PHOEBE of the 15th Cruiser Squadron, EDINBURGH and BIRMINGHAM of the 18th
Cruiser Squadron, destroyers BEDOUIN (T/D.6) MATABELE, TARTAR, PUNJABI,
ESCAPADE, ECHO, ELECTRA, BEAGLE, BRILLIANT, KEPPEL, PIORUN.
On the 27th, battleship RODNEY, light cruisers EDINBURGH, BIRMINGHAM, MAURITIUS, destroyers BEAGLE,
BRILLIANT, KEPPEL, PIORUN were directed to return to Scapa Flow.
Barring developments at sea, the ships would remain at Scapa Flow until 30 January when they
would sail to relieve units still on patrol.
Battleship RODNEY, light cruisers EDINBURGH, BIRMINGHAM, MAURITIUS, destroyers BRILLIANT and
BEAGLE arrived back at Scapa Flow at 2345/28th.
Destroyers KEPPEL and PIORUN arrived at Scapa Flow at 0700/29th.
On the 30th, light cruisers NAIAD and PHOEBE arrived at Scapa Flow at 1105 and light cruisers
GALATEA and ARETHUSA arrived at Scapa Flow from patrol at 1125.
Battleships NELSON, battlecruiser REPULSE, destroyers BEDOUIN,
MATABELE, TARTAR, ESCAPADE, ELECTRA, ECHO, PUNJABI arrived at Scapa
Flow at 1700/30th after having covered convoy HX.103 on the 29th.
Light cruiser AURORA arrived back at Scapa Flow on the 30th.
Convoy OB.277 departed Liverpool, escorted by destroyers
VANQUISHER, VISCOUNT, WHITEHALL, WINCHELSEA and corvettes
GENTIAN and VERBENA. The corvettes were detached on the 26th and the
destroyers on the 27th when the convoy was dispersed.
Convoy FS.392 departed Methil, and arrived at Southend on the 24th.
Convoy FS.393 cancelled.
Minesweeping trawler LUDA LADY (234grt, Skipper W. F. Sommers RNR) was sunk on a mine in the
The entire crew was rescued.
Naval tug ST CYRUS (810grt, T/A/Lt Cdr P. Allan RNR) was sunk on a mine off the
Allan, T/Lt (E) W. D. Hewitt RNR, most of the crew were lost
in the tug.
German torpedo boat T.1 was damaged when she ran aground off Kristiansand.
T/repairs were done at Horten. She departed on 10 February for
Gotenhafen, where the repairs were completed in July.
British steamer JAMAICA PLANTER (4098grt) was damaged by a mine 2500
yards 196° from Neil's Point, BarryIsland.
The steamer was beached in OldHarbour, Barry. refloated and beached
WhitmoreBay, 13 February.
Greek steamer KAPETAN STRATIS (3574grt) was sunk by German bombing in
The entire crew was lost.
Tobruk was recaptured by the British.
The Italians scuttled their coastal defense ship SAN GIORGIO to prevent it from
falling into British hands.
The operation was supported offshore by monitor TERROR, gunboats
LADYBIRD and GNAT, destroyers STUART, VAMPIRE, VOYAGER.
Monitor TERROR and gunboat GNAT returned to Alexandria late on the 21st.
The gunboat began boiler cleaning.
Destroyer VOYAGER with defects and a damaged anti-submarine dome was
ordered to return to Alexandria.
Destroyer DEFENDER departed Alexandria at 0800/23rd to relieve destroyer
Italian liner LIGURIA (15,354grt), immobilised
since bombing damage on 5 July, was sunk by British bombing at Tobruk.
The liner was later salved.
An Italian convoy of passengers ships ESPERIA, CONTE ROSSO, MARCO POLO
and steamer VICTORIA departed Naples for Tripoli on the 22nd, escorted by
destroyers FRECCIA and SAETTA to Trapani, then VIVALDI, TARIGO, MALOCELLO, DA
NOLI of the 14th Destroyer Division.
Submarine UNIQUE fired torpedoes at the convoy off Kerkenah. Steamer
ESPERIA was missed in the attack. The convoy did not know it had been
attacked and arrived safely at Tripoli on the 24th.
Convoy SC.20 departed Halifax, escorted by armed merchant cruiser
RANPURA and patrol vessel OTTER. The patrol vessel was detached the next day
and the armed merchant cruiser on 4 February. On 4 February, destroyer
HARVESTER, corvettes ARBUTUS, CAMELLIA, ERICA, anti-submarine yacht PHILANTE
joined the escort. The escort was detached on 8 February and the convoy
arrived at Liverpool on 8 February.
Norwegian steamers ELIZABETH BAKKE (5450grt), JOHN BAKKE (4718grt),
TAI SHAN (6962grt), TAURUS (4767grt), RANJA (6355grt) under the direction of
British Captain R. D. Binney escaped from Gotenburg in Operation RUBBLE.
Binney, the temporary attache to Stockholm, was on steamer TAI SHAN. One
rating from destroyer HUNTER returned to England aboard the steamer.
The steamers narrowly miss German battlecruisers SCHARNHORST and
GNEISENAU in the Kattegat.
Light cruisers NAIAD (CS 15) and AURORA departed Scapa Flow at 2250/23rd to meet the
Light cruisers EDINBURGH and BIRMINGHAM and destroyers ESCAPADE,
ECHO, ELECTRA departed Scapa Flow at 0130/24th.
The ELIZABETH BAKKE was the fastest of the five and proceeded
Light cruisers NAIAD and AURORA met steamers TAURUS and TAI SHAN. They
turned these steamers over the CS 18 group and returned to meet JOHN BAKKE
and RANJA. These two steamers were under air attack when the cruisers found
them. Steamer RANJA was strafed by a German aircraft and her First Officer
Steamer TAURUS arrived at Kirkwall at 0430/25th escorted by
Steamer TAI SHAN arrived at Kirkwall at 0536.
Steamer JOHN BAKKE arrived at Kirkwall at 0700 with light cruiser
Steamer ELIZABETH BAKKE arrived at Kirkwall, unescorted at 0903.
Destroyer ECHO had been sent to escort the steamer into harbour, but
did not contact her.
Tanker RANJA arrived at Kirkwall at 0815 with light cruiser
The escorting warships all proceeded to Scapa Flow arriving during the morning
of 25 January, the destroyers arriving independently.
Convoy FN.390 departed Southend, and arrived at Methil on the 25th.
Convoy FS.394 departed Methil, escorted by destroyers COTSWOLD and
WESTMINSTER, and arrived at Southend on
Convoy FS.395 departed Methil, escorted by destroyers VANITY,
VERSATILE, WALLACE and sloop FLEETWOOD, and arrived at Southend on the 26th.
Destroyer ATHERSTONE arrived at Scapa Flow to work up after repairs.
Destroyer ECLIPSE departed Scapa Flow for boiler cleaning at
Rosyth, where she arrived at 0800/24th.
Minesweeping trawler COUTIER (255grt) T/Lt G. Ashton, DSC) was damaged
by mining and brought into Milford Haven.
Minesweeping trawler RONSO (248grt, T/Skipper H. G. Harris RNR) was badly damaged on a mine
2.9 miles 49° from South Foreland.
The trawler was repaired and restored to service.
British steamer LURIGETHAN (3564grt) was sunk by German bombing in
Fifteen crew and one gunner were lost on the steamer.
British steamer LANGLEGORSE (4524grt) was sunk by German bombing from
convoy SL.61 in 53-19N, 13-11W.
The entire crew was lost.
British steamer MOSTYN (1859grt) was sunk by German bombing in 54-30N,
Two crew were lost.
A tug was sent to assist on the 25th, but she was unable to locate the
During the night of 23/24 January, German minelayers ROLAND, COBRA,
KAISER, SKAGERRAK, escorted by destroyer
RICHARD BEITZEN and torpedo boats ILTIS and SEEADLER laid mines off the
British south coast in Operation SW b.
Aircraft carrier ILLUSTRIOUS escorted by destroyers JERVIS, JUNO, JANUS, GREYHOUND departed
Cruisers YORK, ORION, AJAX, BONAVENTURE and destroyers
ILEX and HERO under Pridham-Wipple from SudaBay were to join the aircraft
This movement was covered by battleships BARHAM and VALIANT, light
cruiser PERTH, destroyers HEREWARD, NUBIAN,
MOHAWK, HASTY, DIAMOND, GRIFFIN.
On the 24th, the Pridham Wipple force was attacked by German bombing.
Destroyer HERO, which had become detached due to a breakdown of her steering
gear, was singled out.
Light cruiser AJAX was damaged by the near miss
of German bombing in the Mediterranean.
The damage did not cause the cruiser any time out of service.
No damage was done to any of the ships.
Pridham-Wipple was not located and ILLUSTRIOUS finally joined the main
The forces involved in MBD.2 arrived at Alexandria on the 25th.
Monitor TERROR departed Alexandria at 1800 for Sollum to rejoin
the Inshore Squadron and later act as anti-aircraft guard ship at Tobruk.
Operation PARALLAX, the clearing of TobrukHarbour and establishing the port as
a base, began.
Minesweeping trawlers ARTHUR CAVANAGH and MILFORD COUNTESS and boom
working vessel MAGNET were specifically deployed for PARALLAX.
Destroyer THRACIAN and minelayer MAN YEUNG laid mines in the
approaches to Hong Kong.
Battleship KING GEORGE V, which had departed Scapa Flow on the 15th, was met in Chesapeake Bay by US destroyer LANSDALE.
The new British ambassador to the United States was safely delivered.
Light cruiser PHOEBE arrived at Scapa Flow after escort duty with convoy
Convoy OB.278 departed Liverpool, esocted by estroyers
SALADIN, SARDONYX, SKATE, corvettes ANEMONE, KINGCUP, MALLOW, anti-submarine
trawlers NORTHERN PRIDE and ST ELSTAN. The escort was detached on the 27th
when the convoy dispersed.
Destroyer INGLEFIELD departed the Nore for Scapa Flow after repair at 1700,
andarrived at 1730/26th.
British steamer CORHEATH (1096grt) was sunk on a mine one mile 270°
from Botany Buoy in Thames Estuary. Three crew were lost.
British steamer TASMANIA (6405grt) was damaged on a
mine 11½miles 90° from Rattray Head.
She was unable to enter Aberdeen due to bad weather and
returned to Methil, arriving at Methil on the 25th. She left Leith in tow for the Tees on 3 February.
U.123 sank Norwegian steamer VESPASIAN (1570grt) in 55N, 15W.
German raider ATLANTIS sank British steamer MANDASOR (5144grt) 300
miles east of the Seychilles in 4-18S, 61-00E. Two British crew were lost,
one died and sixteen were taken prisoner. Two native crew were lost and 60
Cruisers CANBERRA, LEANDER, SYDNEY, COLOMBO were brought to the area to
search, but no contact was made.
Cruiser LEANDER departed Colombo on the 24th and searched the
Australian light cruiser SYDNEY remained in the area for three days.
After searching, cruiser LEANDER refuelled at AdduIsland on the 27th and arrived back
at Colombo on the 30th.
Submarine TRIUMPH, which was unable to leave her dock at Malta due to bombing on the 21st,
was successfully cleared from the dock on the 24th. The submarine was able to
proceed on patrol at 1830.
Submarine UPHOLDER departed Malta to patrol off Tripoli.
German tanker NORDMARK replenished German heavy cruiser ADMIRAL SCHEER
The tanker also contacted captured Norwegian tanker SANDEFJORD on the
Battleship KING GEORGE V departed Chesapeake Bay to escort convoy BHX.104,
which included 24 tankers, to England.
On the 29th, the convoy was met by escort ships and the battleship
proceeded to Scapa Flow.
Convoy FN.391 departed Southend, escorted by destroyer WOLFHOUND and
sloop LONDONDERRY. Patrol sloop WIDGEON joined
on the 26th, and arrived at Methil on the 27th.
Armed merchant cruisers WOLFE and CIRCASSIA departed the Clyde for Northern Patrol.
Anti-aircraft ship CURACOA departed Scapa Flow at 0930 to escort convoy
WN.73 until after dark.
The ship arrived back at Scapa Flow at 2230.
French destroyer OURAGAN departed Scapa Flow for Greenock following working up
The destroyer arrived at 1000/26th.
German steamers DUISBERG (7389grt) and INGO (3950grt) departed Palermo escorted by armed merchant
cruiser LAGO TANA for Tripoli. From Trapani, armed merchant cruiser
CARALIS relieved LAGO TANA.
Aircraft carrier ILLUSTRIOUS and supporting forces arrived at Alexandria.
Australian light cruiser PERTH departed Alexandria the same day for SudaBay to arrive during the morning
of 26 January.
Netlayer PROTECTOR, escorted by destroyers DAINTY and JAGUAR, departed
Alexandria with the first half of the anti torpedo boom for
On arrival at SudaBay, the destroyers were detached
to Kithera patrol.
Convoy AS.13 departed Pireaus for Port Said, escorted by anti-aircraft
cruiser COVENTRY and destroyers WRYNECK and
VENDETTA. Minesweeper FAREHAM joined the convoy from SudaBay, and arrived on the 27th at
Port Said with destroyer WRYNECK.
Anti-aircraft cruiser COVENTRY, destroyer VENDETTA,
minesweeper FAREHAM arrived at Alexandria at 0700/27th.
Convoy BS.13A departed Suez, escorted by sloop GRIMSBY. The sloop was relieved by
destroyer KANDAHAR and sloop YARRA. The convoy
was dispersed on 1 February.
Aircraft carrier HERMES and light cruiser ENTERPRISE, operating as Force J, intercepted
Vichy French steamer SONTAY (8917grt) and took her to Durban.
Convoy HX.105 departed Halifax, escorted by armed merchant
cruiser ASCANIA. On the 27th, submarine PORPOISE was with the convoy for that
day only. The armed merchant cruiser was detached on 6 February.
There was no BHX.105; the merchant ships presumably going to the UK direct in BHX.104.
Destroyers MONTGOMERY, WILD SWAN, WITCH, corvettes CAMPANULA,
PERIWINKLE, PIMPERNEL joined the convoy 6 February. The escort was detached on
9 February, and arrived at Liverpool on 9 February.
Submarine CACHALOT laid fifty mines in minefield FD.28 in 62-57-30N,
6-52-40E off Bud.
Destroyer MAORI arrived at Scapa Flow at 1030 following refitting
in the Tyne.
Destroyer MAORI departed Scapa Flow with destroyers DOUGLAS,
COTTESMORE, MEYNELL at 1745 to meet battleship PRINCE OF WALES off Liverpool
and escort her to Rosyth.
The destroyers were later recalled and the ships arrived back at Scapa Flow at 2300.
Destroyer INGLEFIELD arrived at Scapa Flow at 1730 from refitting in the
Anti-aircraft ship CURACOA departed Scapa Flow at 1030 to escort convoy
WN.74 until dark.
The ship returned to Scapa Flow at 2230.
Destroyers JERSEY and JUPITER arrived at Gibraltar from England.
Convoy OG.51 departed Liverpool, escorted by sloop LEITH and corvettes BLUEBELL,
The corvettes were detached on the 28th and the convoy was joined by
destroyer WESTCOTT, which remained with the convoy until 29 January. On the
29th, destroyer VOLUNTEER joined the convoy and remained until 30 January.
Corvette KINGCUP joined the convoy on the 31st and left that evening, and
arrived at Gibraltar on 8 February, escorted by sloop LEITH.
Convoy FN.392 departed Southend, escorted by destroyers COTSWOLD and
WESTMINSTER and patrol sloop PUFFIN. The
sloop was detached on the 27th, and arrived at Methil on the 28th.
Convoy FS.396 departed Methil, escorted by destroyers VIVIEN and
WOOLSTON. Patrol sloop WIDGEON joined on the 27th, and arrived at Southend on
British steamer MERIONES (7557grt) was sunk by German bombing in
52-53N, 1-47E while ashore Haisborough Sands.
The crew were all rescued.
The steamer was a constructive total loss.
Dutch steamer BEEMSTERDIJK (6869grt) was badly damaged on a mine
twelve miles off Smalls bearing 290.
Thirty nine crew of a forty two man crew were lost.
The steamer anchored at 0930/27th in 51-17N, 6-23W. The steamer
The steamer probably sank on a British mine.
Swedish steamer BELGIA (2023grt) in convoy FN.92 was damaged by German
bombing near Sunk Light Vessel.
The steamer drifter ashore at Frinton on the 27th on fire. Six crew
were killed. Twenty survivors were rescued by destroyer COTSWOLD.
The steamer arrived at Harwich on 14 February in tow of two tugs. The
ship was repaired and renamed EMPIRE BELL.
In convoy FS.395, escorted by destroyer WALLACE and trawlers LORD ST
VINCENT and REIDS, British steamer GWYNWOOD (1177grt) was damaged by German
bombing abreast No. B3 Buoy, Barrow Deep.
The steamer arrived at Gravesend on the 28th leaking from near
British steamer GRANGETOFT (975grt) was damaged by German bombing off
B4 Buoy, Barrow Deep.
British steamer CATFORD (1568grt) was damaged by a mine off Oaze Bank.
The steamer beached. She was refloated and arrived at Gravesend on the 27th in tow.
British steamer SANDHILL (586grt) was damaged by a mine in 53-43N,
On 26/27 January, German minelayers TANNENBURG, BRUMMER, KONIGIN
LUISE, HANSESTADT DANZIG escorted by torpedo boats T.12 and FALKE and
minesweepers M.15 and M.22 from Stavanger laid mines in defensive
minefield POMMERN off Norway.
On 27/28 January, the same minelayers, escorted by torpedo boats T.12
and T.5 laid minefield ODER.
Submarine UPHOLDER unsuccessfully attacked a steamer off Kerkenah.
U.105 sank Dutch steamer HEEMSKERCK (6516grt), which was straggling
from convoy SL.61.
The steamer was already damaged and burning from German air attack on
the 20th when the submarine torpedoed her.
Convoy SLG 1 departed Freetown with troopships KENYA (9890grt)
and Polish SOBIESKI (11,030grt) escorted by light cruiser DUNEDIN and
destroyers VELOX and VIDETTE.
On 2 February, corvettes GERANIUM and JONQUIL joined, and arrived at
Gibraltar on 5 February with the entire
Light cruiser KENYA and destroyers KELLY and
KASHMIR departed Plymouth to sweep for the German heavy
cruiser ADMIRAL HIPPER.
The light cruiser arrived at Greenock on the 31st.
Anti-aircraft ship CURACOA departed Scapa Flow at 0600 for Liverpool to provide air escort for the
battleship PRINCE OF WALES to Rosyth.
Convoy FN.393 departed Southend, escorted by destroyers QUORN, VANITY,
VERSATILE, and arrived at Methil on the 29th.
Convoy FS.397 departed Methil, escorted by destroyers VALOROUS
andVIMIERA, and arrived at Southend on the 30th.
Convoy FS.398 was cancelled.
Minesweeping trawler DAROGAH (221grt, T/Skipper J. Harrison RNR) was sunk on a mine eight
cables 230° from No. 3 Sea Reach Buoy in the Thames Estuary.
British steamer RINGWALL (407grt) was sunk on a mine in the Irish Sea, south of the Isle of Man.
British trawler CAERPHILLYCASTLE (275grt) was sunk by German
bombing in 52-35N, 12-00W.
Three crew were lost.
British barge HEDON (73grt) was lost.
Light cruiser AJAX departed Alexandria for SudaBay to join light cruiser PERTH there.
Light cruiser AJAX carried a quantity of
supplies to establish the Fleet Air Arm aerodrome at Maleme.
Australian destroyer VOYAGER departed Alexandria to relieve destroyer DEFENDER
on patrol in the Inshore Patrol.
TobrukHarbour was opened to British sea
Troopship ULSTER PRINCE (3791grt) arrived and
embarked prisoners at Tobruk. She departed the morning of 28 January for
British ships CINGALESE PRINCE, ROSAURA, CHAKLA arrived at Tobruk and
unloaded personnel and stores. The disembarkation was hampered by a severe
Destroyers FORESIGHT, JERSEY, ENCOUNTER departed Gibraltar to patrol west of CapeSpartel.
Destroyer FOXHOUND departed Gibraltar escorting steamer NORTHERN
PRINCE until dark. The destroyer then joined the CapeSpartel patrol.
Convoy HG.52 departed Gibraltar.
On 20 February, destroyer WINCHELSEA joined the convoy and escorted it
to to Liverpool, arriving on 15 February.
There is no information on the other escorts of the convoy.
Swordfish of 830 Squadron from Malta sank German steamer INGO
(3950grt) off Cape Bon in 34-27N, 14-11E.
Italian torpedo boat ORIONE arrived on the scene and picked up
Light cruiser NAIAD on blockade duty sighted German battlecruisers
SCHARNHORST and GNEISENAU at 0649 briefly to the east of Iceland. However, the German ships
turned away at high speed and were gone before a definite sighting was made.
Battlecruiser REPULSE and destroyers BEDOUIN, TARTAR, MATABELE,
PUNJABI were ordered at 0738 to join cruiser NAIAD.
At 1601, both of destroyer TARTAR's steering units were out of action.
Battleship PRINCE OF WALES departed Liverpool for Rosyth.
Light cruiser NIGERIA and destroyers INGLEFIELD,
MAORI, NIZAM departed Scapa Flow at 0900/29th to meet battleship PRINCE OF WALES,
escorted by destroyer HIGHLANDER and anti-aircraft ship CURACOA off Cape Wrath.
The ships arrived at Rosyth on the 30th at 1445.
Light cruiser NIGERIA and destroyers INGLEFIELD,
MAORI, NIZAM back arrived at Scapa Flow at 0200/31st.
Convoy OB.279 departed Liverpool, escorted by destroyers
ARROW, MISTRAL, OURAGAN, corvettes AUBRETIA and HOLLYHOCK, anti-submarine
trawler KING SOL. Destroyer CHURCHILL joined on the 29th. The
destroyers were detached on 1 February and the remainder of the escort on 2
February when the convoy dispersed.
Convoy FN.394 departed Southend, escorted by destroyer WALLACE and
sloop FLEETWOOD, and arrived at Methil on the 30th.
Corvette BLUEBELL was in a collision with Destroyer WESTCOTT in the
Tug SALVONIA stood by the damaged corvette, which proceeded to Londonderry accompanied by destroyer
Corvette BLUEBELL departed Londonderry on the 30th for Liverpool, but had to shelter from
weather at Belfast on 4 and 5 February. The
corvette arrived at Lierpool on 5 February. Repairs were completed at Cammell
Laird on 4 March.
The damage to the destroyer was slight and was repaired at Liverpool on the 29th.
British tanker WAR PINDARI, which had come from the Clyde, departed Scapa Flow at 1000 escorted by
destroyers NAPIER and SOMALI.
The tanker proceeded to the Skaalefjord, Faroes, arriving on the 29th,
to refuel destroyers operating at sea.
Italian submarine TORELLI sank British steamer URLA (5198grt), which
was straggling from convoy HX.102, in 54-54N, 19W.
All the crew were rescued.
British steamer PANDION (1944grt) was sunk by German bombing in
The steamer anchored off Loch Swilly. She was grounded and later
abandoned. The steamer broke in two due to heavy weather.
British steamer GRELROSA (4574grt) was sunk by German bombing in
Five crew were lost.
British steamer oil refinery TAFELBERG (13,640grt) was badly damaged
on a mine in 51-21N, 3-16W.
She was beached at Porthkerry, refloated and taken to Whitmore Bay,
then reconstructed as a tanker and renamed EMPIRE HERITAGE.
British steamer BARON RENFREW (3635grt) was damaged by German bombing
in 55-50N, 10-18W.
The steamer had engine room damage. Corvette CANDYTUFT stood by the
damaged steamer. Sloop LEITH was also in the escort of this convoy. The steamer was
taken in tow for Loch Lathaich and anchored about 7 February.
Steamer BARON RENFREW was taken to the Clyde under tow arriving on 25
February. She was later taken to Glasgow.
Greek steamer KATE (5197grt) was sunk on a mine in Greek waters N. Akres, Griva.
Submarine RORQUAL laid 29 mines two miles off SansegoIsland and twenty one mines off
On the 31st, Italian torpedo boat FRANCESCO STOCCO was mined off Fiume on the first barrage. The
boat broke into two parts and was towed into Fiume on the 27th and 10 February.
On 27 February, Italian steamer ISCHIA (5101grt) was mined off
Monfredonia on the second barrage.
Submarine UPHOLDER damaged steamer DUISBERG (7389grt) off Cape Bon.
Italian torpedo boat ORIONE with INGO's survivors stood by DUISBERG
until a tug arrived. The steamer was towed into Tripoli.
Greek submarine PAPANICOLIS unsuccessfully attacked a large tanker off
Light cruiser AJAX and Australian light cruiser
PERTH were operating in the Aegean.
Convoy AN.14 departed Port Said for Piraeus, escorted by corvette
Bad weather prevented the Alexandria section from sailing.
British steamer LEVERNBANK (5150grt) and tanker DESMOULEA (8120grt)
departed Alexandria on the 29th, escorted by
anti-aircraft cruiser CALCUTTA and corvette PEONY, to
overtake the convoy.
British steamer ETHIOPIA (5574grt), carrying RAF personnel for Crete
and Greece, departed Port Said during the morning of 29 January, escorted by
destroyer HASTY to overtake the convoy and pass through Kaso Straits during
the night of 30/31 January.
The Port Said section was delayed by
weather and the Alexandria section and steamer ETHIOPIA continued independently.
Destroyers DAINTY and JAGUAR swept the KasoStrait prior to the convoy's
At daylight on the 31st, anti-aircraft cruiser CALCUTTA and destroyer JAGUAR joined
convoy AN.14. Destroyer DAINTY remained with the two Alexandria ships.
Light cruisers AJAX and PERTH provided cover for all these
Submarine TRUANT departed Alexandria to patrol off Benghazi.
Netlayer PROTECTOR was ordered to sail from SudaBay to collect prisoners at
Tobruk and take them to Alexandria.
The vessel sailed from SudaBay during the morning of 29
January to arrive at Tobruk on the 30th. She was escorted by destroyer JAGUAR
to latitude 35N.
The netlayer arrived at Tobruk on the 30th.
Battlecruiser RENOWN, aircraft carrier ARK ROYAL, destroyers
FORESIGHT, ENCOUNTER, FIREDRAKE, JERSEY, joined later by destroyers FOXHOUND and
JUPITER, departed Gibraltar to exercise.
That evening, destroyer FIREDRAKE attacked a submarine contact.
On 29 December, battlecruiser RENOWN entered Gibraltar, followed later in the
afternoon by aircraft carrier ARK ROYAL.
Destroyers INTREPID and IMPULSIVE arrived at Scapa Flow at 1045 from the Humber.
Destroyer LEGION departed Scapa Flow for Greenock to refit radio direction
The destroyer arrived on the 30th.
Destroyer ECLIPSE arrived at Scapa Flow from Rosyth after boiler
Convoy FN.395 departed Southend, escorted by destroyers SOUTHDOWN,
VIVIEN, WOOLSTON, and arrived at Methil on the 31st.
Convoy FS.399 departed Methil, escorted by destroyers WESTMINSTER and WOLFHOUND. Destroyer
PYTCHLEY joined on the 30th, and arrived at Southend on the 31st.
Destroyer COTTESMORE departed Scapa Flow at 1700 for Aberdeen to escort steamer BEN MY CHREE.
The steamer arrived at Scapa Flow at 1030/30th. The destroyer
had become separated during the night.
At 1300/31st, the steamer departed Scapa Flow, escorted by destroyer
COTTESMORE, for Aberdeen.
The destroyer arrived back at Scapa Flow at 1100 on 1 February.
Heavy cruiser CUMBERLAND departed Buenas Aires to
patrol off South America.
Light cruiser NEPTUNE departed Gibraltar for Scapa Flow arriving on 5 February.
German raider KORMORAN sank British steamer EURYLOCHUS (5723grt)
carrying crated aircraft to Takoradi at 8-15N, 25-04W.
Fifteen crew were lost and thirty eight were taken prisoner. Twenty
eight survivors were picked up by Spanish steamer MONTE TEIDE (6202grt).
British steamer AFRIC STAR (11,900grt) was sunk by
German raider KORMORAN at 8N, 25W, four hundred miles west of St Vincent.
All crew were made prisoners of war.
Heavy cruiser NORFOLK was sent to protect SL convoy
Heavy cruiser DEVONSHIRE was sent to the EURYLOCHUS sinking area.
U.93 sank British steamer KING ROBERT (5886grt), British tanker W.B.
WALKER (10,468grt), Greek steamer AIKATERINI (4929grt) from convoy SC.19 in
All crew were rescued from steamer KING ROBERT.
Four crew were lost on the tanker. The ship broke in two. Destroyer
ANTHONY and anti-submarine trawler ARAB assisted tanker W.B. WALKER. The bow
was sunk by destroyer ANTHONY.
All crew were rescued by the Greek steamer.
U.94 sank British steamer WEST WALES (4354grt), which was
straggling from convoy SC.19, in 56N, 15-23W.
Sixteen crew were lost on the steamer.
U.106 sank Egyptian steamer SESOSTRIS (2962grt), which was straggling
from convoy SC.19, in 56N, 15-23W.
British steamer WESTMORELAND (8967grt) was damaged on a mine three
miles 270° from Bar Light Vessel.
The steamer abandoned by the crew.
The steamer was assisted by destroyer WILD SWAN, barrage balloon
vessel VIGILANT, rescue tugs ALFRED, COBURG, SLONE, WAPPING, ALEXANDER.
The ship was later reboarded. The steamer arrived at Liverpool on the 31st in tow.
Submarine UPRIGHT departed Malta to patrol the Tunisian coast
route from Sicily to Tripoli.
Minesweeper STOKE, minesweeping off Tobruk, lost her sweeping gear.
Minesweeper HUNTLEY relieved the minesweeper off Tobruk.
British steamers DEVONSHIRE and DILWARA, formerly of convoy US.008/1,
departed Port Said escorted by destroyer
On arrival at Haifa, the destroyer returned to
Destroyer BOREAS arrived at Scapa Flow from the Nore to join the
Submarine SUNFISH attacked an escorted convoy off Kristiansand. The submarine unsuccessfully
fired torpedoes against a tanker.
German battlecruisers SCHARNHORST and GNEISENAU refuelled at sea from
German tanker ADRIA (6358grt).
Following the refuelling, the German ships ran the Denmark Strait on 2 February.
On 5 February, the battleships refueled from German tanker
SCHLETTSTADT (8028grt) south of Cape Farewell.
Derna was captured by the British.
The British Suez Canal Company's Dredger was sunk by German bombing in
Submarine UPHOLDER attacked a convoy of Italian steamers MOTIA
(2473grt) and DELFIN (5322grt), which departed Palermo on the 27th for Tripoli, unsuccessfully in 32-55N,
12-41E, thirty miles north of Zavia.
The submarine was counter-attacked by convoy escort torpedo boat
Destroyer VIMIERA, which departed Rosyth on the 27th, was damaged by
German aircraft machine gunning while joining convoy FS.397 in the North Sea.
The damage caused no time out of service and reach Rosyth on 2
February after the convoy escort.
U.94 sank British steamer RUSHPOOL (5125grt), which was straggling
from convoy SC.19, in 56N, 15-42W.
The entire crew of forty men was rescued by destroyer ANTELOPE.
Norwegian steamer AUSTVARD (3677grt) was sunk by German bombing 130
miles west of GalwayIsland.
Twenty three crew of a twenty eight man crew were lost.
Belgian steamer OLYMPIER (5266grt) was badly damaged by German bombing
250 miles southwest of Ireland.
The steamer was attacked again on the 31st in 56-04N, 11W.
German steamer KONIGSBERG (2530grt) was sunk on a mine near ELBE I lightship.
Aircraft carrier EAGLE was undocked and proceeded to sea for exercises
escorted by destroyers GREYHOUND, GRIFFIN, JUNO, two other destroyers.
The British ships returned to Alexandria the next day.
Convoy HX.106 departed Halifax, escorted by battleship RAMILLIES
and corvette COLLINGWOOD. The corvette was detached the next day.
Convoy BHX.106 departed Bermuda on the 28th escorted by ocean
escort armed merchant cruiser MALOJA. The convoy rendezvoused with convoy
HX.106 on 2 February and the armed merchant cruiser was detached.
The battleship was detached on 10 February. On 12 February, destroyers
BURNHAM, MALCOLM, SALADIN, SARDONYX, SKATE and corvette LA MALOUINE joined
the escort. Destroyer SALADIN departed the escort on 14 February and
destroyers BURNHAM and MALCOLM on 15 February. On 15 February, corvette
KINGCUP and anti-submarine trawlers NORTHERN PRIDE and VIZALMA joined the
escort. Destroyer SARDONYX and corvettes KINGCUP and LA MALOUINE were
detached and the remainder on 18 February, and arrived at Liverpool on 18 February.
Convoy SL.64 departed Freetown escorted by armed merchant
cruiser ARAWA to 17 February and corvettes ASPHODEL and CALENDULA to 2
Destroyer HARVESTER, sloop FLEETWOOD, corvettes ARBUTUS, CAMELLIA,
ERICA joined on 17 February. Destroyer WOLVERINE joined on 18 February. All
were detached on 20 February. Anti submarine trawler YORKCITY joined on 22 February, and
arrived on 22 February.
Convoy SLS.64 departed Freetown.
On 12 February, the convoy dispersed when attacked by German heavy
cruiser ADMIRAL HIPPER.
Destroyer ZULU arrived at Scapa Flow at 1730 from Rosyth on
completion of refitting.
Destroyer MEYNELL departed Scapa Flow at 2300 on completion of
The destroyer arrived at Rosyth at 1100 on 1 February, en route to the
Convoy OB.280 departed Liverpool, escorted by destroyers
BEVERLEY and HARVESTER, corvettes ARBUTUS, CAMELLIA, ERICA, anti-submarine
yacht PHILANTE, ocean boarding vessels CAVINA, CORINTHIAN, CRISPIN. The ocean
boarding vessels were detached on 3 February and the remainder of the escort
on 4 February when the convoy was dispersed.
Convoy FN.396 departed Southend, escorted by destroyers VALOROUS and
VIMIERA, and arrived at Methil on 2 February.
Convoy FN.397 did not sail.
Convoy FS.400 departed Methil, escotted by destroyers VANITY and
VORTIGERN, and arrived at Southend on 2 February.
Convoy FS.401 departed Methil, and arrived at Southend on 2 February.
Italian submarine DANDOLO sank British steamer PIZARRO (1367grt) in
Twenty three crew of a twenty nine man crew were missing.
British steamer ROWANBANK (5159grt) was sunk by German bombing from
convoy SL.62 in 57-00N, 16-30W.
Naval collier BOTUSK (3091grt) and Dutch steamer EMMAPLEIN (5436grt)
both in convoy HX.103 were sunk on British mines six miles northeast of NorthRonaIsland.
Three crew were killed and one was missing on the British ship.
Corvette VERBENA rescued eleven survivors.
Thirty four crew were rescued from the Dutch ship by cable ship ARIEL
and two corvettes.
German submarines were suspected and anti-submarine whalers BUTTERMERE
and WINDERMERE were sent from Stornoway to investigate.
Aircraft and later destroyers BEAGLE and DOUGLAS, which departed Scapa Flow at 1515, were also involved
in the search.
The destroyers arrived back at 1800 when it was determined the ships
had struck mines.
Dutch balloon barrage vessel SATURNUS (200grt) was damaged in a
The vessel was abandoned and went ashore at Maughold Head. The Dutch
ship was later refloated and arrived at Douglas.
British steamer SPEYBANK (5154grt) was taken in prize in the Indian Ocean by German raider ATLANTIS.
The steamer was sailed to Japan.
British Force H departed Gibraltar with battlecruiser RENOWN,
aircraft carrier ARK ROYAL, light cruiser SHEFFIELD, ten destroyers for
Operations PICKET and RESULT.
Group 1 was battlecruiser RENOWN, battleship MALAYA, aircraft carrier ARK ROYAL,
light cruiser SHEFFIELD.
Group 2 was destroyers FEARLESS (D.8), FOXHOUND, FORESIGHT, FURY,
Group 3 was destroyers DUNCAN (D.13), ISIS, ENCOUNTER, JUPITER.
Group 4 was tanker ORANGELEAF and anti-submarine trawlers ARCTIC
RANGER and HAARLEM.
Minesweeper HUNTLEY (Lt Cdr E. S. Cotsell RNR) was lost en route to Derna,
thirty miles west of Mersa Matruh.
Cotsell (dying of wounds on 2 February) and twelve crew were killed in
the minesweeper. Five crew were missing. Twenty six crew were wounded.
British hospital ship DORSETSHIRE (9717grt) was damaged by German
bombing in the Gulf of Sollum.
The ship attacked again on 1 February.
Egyptian steamer SOLLUM (1290grt) was bombed near Sidi Barrani and was
Destroyers GREYHOUND and GRIFFIN were ordered to depart Alexandria and proceed at 2200 to Port Said. The destroyers were then to
continue to Aden for escort duties.
While leaving harbour, destroyer GREYHOUND collided with battleship
The destroyer was docked for the damage. She was replaced by destroyer
Battleship WARSPITE's bulge was damaged. Emergency repairs were
completed at Alexandria on 1 February.
British tanker DESMOULEA (8120grt) was damaged by an Italian S boat in
The tanker was towed to SudaBay by destroyer DAINTY, arriving
at 0800 on 1 February. The cargo was discharged into British tanker EOCENE
The tanker arrived at Suez on 6 May for use as a
temporary storage vessel, pending repairs.
Corvette PEONY with convoy AN.14 was missed by aircraft torpedoes
forty miles from SudaBay.
Italian tug URSUS (407grt), on passage from Lissa to Curzola, was sunk
by Submarine RORQUAL gunfire.
The tug was towing barge GM 239 which was also damaged. The barge was
later towed into Dubrovnik.
Convoy SC.21 departed Halifax, escorted by armed merchant
cruiser MONTCLARE, which was detached on 13 February. On 13 February, corvettes
FLEUR DE LYS and TULIP joined the convoy. On 14 February, destroyers
CALDWELL, VANOC, VOLUNTEER joined. Sloop ABERDEEN joined on 15 February. On 16
February destroyer CALDEWELL and sloop ABERDEEN were detached and on 17
February, anti-submarine trawlers HUDDERSFIELDTOWN and YORKCITY joined. The escort was
detached on 18 February, the convoy arrived at Liverpool on 18 February.
Light cruiser DAUNTLESS arrived at Penang.
New Zealand light cruiser LEANDER
departed Colombo on patrol.
Two Greek destroyers swept in the Adriatic. Later four Greek destroyers
bombarded Valona on the report of two Italian light cruisers being there.
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