H . M
. S . E X M O O R (ii)
( L 0 8 )
Type II HUNT-Class Escort Destroyer ordered from Swan
Hunter at Wallsend on 20th December
1939 under the 1939 War Emergency Programme with 16 others of this Class. She
was laid down as Job No J4190 on 7th June 1940.
The ship was launched on 12th March 1941
as HMS BURTON after a Derbyshire , fox-hunt and was
the first RN ship to carry this name. However in June 1941 her name was changed
to HMS EXMOOR following the tragic loss of the 2nd ship of this name in
February 1941. Her build was on 18th October 1941 and following a successful WARSHIP WEEK National Savings campaign in
March 1942 the ship was adopted by the civil community of Minehead, in Somerset. This was a particularly appropriate selection since this
is the name of a Somerset foxhunt.
B a t t l
e H o n o u r s
SEA 1941* -
1941-42 - LIBYA
SALERNO 1943 - AEGEAN 1943 - MEDITERRANEAN 1944
(* awarded to HMS EXMOOR (i))
H e r a l d i c D a t
Badge : On a Field Red., two
foxes brushes in Saltire
between two mullets Gold.
D e t a i
l s o f W a r
S e r v i c e
1 9 4 1
trials and commissioned for service.
completion and commenced Acceptance Trials
Passage to Scapa
Flow on completion of trials and storing.
November Nominated for
service at Gibraltar for convoy defence on completion of work-up with ships
Passage to Londonderry.
military convoy WS12Z with HM Destroyers BADSWORTH, VANQUISHER and
as Local Escort during passage in NW Approaches
17th Detached from WS12Z and returned to Clyde area.
December Passage to
Gibraltar for service with 13th Destroyer Flotilla.
Joined Flotilla with HM Escort Destroyers BLANKNEY and CROOME.
(Note: This deployment part, of changes made necessary by the transfer
of the 4th Destroyer
Flotilla from Gibraltar to UK.
to reinforce escort of Convoy HG76 by the 36th Escort Group.
(Note: This convoy been selected by U-Boat Command for heavy attacks by
bases in French ports.
defence of HG76 was of particular significance..
Escort Aircraft Carrier AUDACITY which had started service in September
part of the escort.
Escort was commanded by the renowned Commander F J Walker who had developed
many of the tactics used for defence of Atlantic
See THE BATTLE THE ATLANTIC by Donald Macintyre.
THE FIGHTING CAPTAIN
by A. BURN and SEEK AND STRIKE by
17th Took part
in the sinking of U131 with HM Corvette PENSTEMON, HM Destroyer STANLEY
HM Escort Destroyer BLANKNEY.
Submarine was scuttled by her crew who ware all rescued.
U-BOATS DESTROYED by P Kemp.
from escort and returned to Gibraltar.
1 9 4 2
January Joined 37th
Destroyer Division for convoy escort in Atlantic Ocean and western
Deployed for convoy defence and anti-submarine patrol duties.
deployment in continuation.
for duty with Force H.
Deployed as screen for HM Battleship MALAYA, HM
Aircraft Carriers ARGUS, EAGLE, HM
Cruiser HERMIONE with HM Destroyers LAFOREY,
LIGHTING, ACTIVE, ANTHONY
WHITEHALL, WISHART, BLANKNEY and CROOME to
provide cover for delivery of
SPITFIRE and BLENHEIM aircraft to Malta
(Operation SPOTTER I).
cancelled due to discovery of defects in aircraft fuel tanks.
duties in continuation.
for duty with Force H.
Joined escort for ships covering repeat SPOTTER I Malta aircraft delivery.
(Operation SFOT1ER II)
. 8th Resumed
. 20th Detached
for duty with Force H.
Joined destroyer screen for HMS
MALAYA, HMS ARGUS, HMS EAGLE and HMS
HERMIONE with HM Destroyers LAFOREY,
ACTIVE, ANTHONY, WHITEHALL,
WISHART, BLANKNEY and CROOME during delivery of SPITFIRE, BLENHEIM and
BEAUFORT aircraft to Malta.
(Operation PICKET 1).
for duty with Force H.
Joined escort for repeat delivery of aircraft to Malta with same ships
(Operation PICKET II).
Transferred with HMS CROOME to 9th Destroyer Flotilla based at
passage from Gibraltar to join the Mediterranean Fleet.
temporarily at Freetown for Local Escort duty.
with HM Destroyer CROOME, WILD SWAN, HM Corvettes HYDRANGEA,
French Corvettes COMMANDANTE DROGU, COMMANDTE DETROYAT as Local
Escort of military Convoy WS17B off
West Africa during passage to Caps of Good Hope.
from WSI7B with COMMANDANTE DETROYAT and returned to
to Red Sea via Cape of Good Hope to join Flotilla at Alexandria
May On arrival
joined 5tn Destroyer Flotilla and deployed for convoy defence in eastern
Mediterranean for convoy defence and support of the garrison at Tobruk.
garrison support in continuation with ships of Flotilla.
Nominated for escort of Malta Relief convoy MW11 (Operation VIGOROUS).
(Editor's Note: check
The Supply of Malta by Arnold
Hague for details.)
13th Joined HM
Destroyers JERVIS, KELVIN, JAVELIN, PAKENHAM, PALADIN,
SIKH, ZULU, HERO, FORTUNE,
Australian Destroyers NAPIER, NESTOR and NORMAN with HM Escort Destroyers
DULVERTON, CROOME, BEAUFORT,
ERIDGE, AIREDALE, HURWORTH, TETCOTT and
ALDENHAM of Flotilla as escort for MW11.
(Note: HM Cruisers NEWCASTLE, BIRMINGHAM, CLEOPATRA, DIDO, HERMIONE,
ARETHUSA. COVENTRY and
HM Battleship CENTURION disguised
KING GEORGE V
Class ship were also deployed to provide cover against surface
Corvettes and two BANGOR Class Minesweepers also formed
of the operation
to provide vital support of the
sustained air attacks before nightfall after which aircraft dropped flares to illuminate the
convoy for E-Boat attacks.
E-Boat attacks and renewed air attacks after daylight and threat of surface
Italian heavy units.
Operation abandoned after further E-Boat and air attacks.
(Note: This was a disastrous operation.
extent of air cover was completely inadequate and a series of conflicting
ashore made its successful conclusion unlikely despite the calibre of Rear
Vian who was in command at sea)
full details of the action and its severe losses see ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE
CLOSELY by Corelli Barnett, THE
FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN,
CONVOYS by R Woodman and Naval Staff History).
Flotilla duties at Alexandria.
for escort of convoys and support of Tobruk.
Bombarded shore targets in support of military operations.
September Nominated for
support of planned attack on German garrison at Tobruk
Royal Marinas for passage to Tobruk.
Sailed with m Destroyers SIKH and ZULU,
shore targets and came under fire from shore batteries.
loss of HM Cruiser COVENTRY, returned to Alexandria to refuel and re-arm.
passage with HM Escort Destroyers DULVERTON, BEAUFORT and HURWORTH.
(Note: Operation AGREEMENT was yet another disaster .
complete failure was due to a combination of lack of adequate planning and poor
execution after it became evident that the German garrison was wall prepared for
assault by Commando units.
details of this operation are available in MASSACRE AT TOBRUK by GC
Connell and Naval Staff History)
duties in support of military operations (Operation LIGHTFOOT)
for escort duty during diversionary landing at Ras-el-Kanais.
November Deployed with
ships of Flotilla, for convoy escort and interception patrol duty In
Convoy MW13 as Close Escort during passage to
place of Destroyers from
Mediterranean Fleet with HM Escort Destroyers ALDENHAM, BEAUFORT, BELVOIR,
(Operation STONEAGE - First westbound convoy since VIGOROUS - See above
Cruisers ARETHUSA, CLEOPATRA, DIDO, ORION and Fleet Destroyers rejoined
air attack during which HMS ARETHUSA was torpedoed and had to return under
units detached and returned to Alexandria.
arrived in Malta
passage to Alexandria with ships of Close Escort
Escorted Convoy MW14 with HM Escort Destroyers BELVOIR, CROOME, HURSLEY,
TETCOTT and Greek PINDOS (Operation PORTCULLIS)
covering force joined MW14.
4th Force K
from Malta Joined MW14
on arrival of MW14 in Malta.
as Escort for return Convoy ME11 to
Egypt with HM
Cruiser ORION, HM
Destroyers PAKENHAM, PETARD and Greek VASILISSA
OLGA.HM Escort Destroyers
BELVOIR, ALDENHAM, CROOME,, DULVERTON, HURSLEY, TETCOTT and Greek
with HMS ORION, HM Escort Destroyers ALDENHAM, CROOME,
DULVERTON and HURSLEY to Escort
Convoy MW15 then on passage to
(Operation QUADRANGLE A - This was the last
Malta relief convoy to make
the island, those following joined coastal convoys to Tripoli and then onwards
1 9 4 3
deployment in Eastern Mediterranean.
to Supported military operations by 8th Army in Libya
Transferred to Malta for
support of military operations and convoy defence.
duties based in Malta in
with ships of Flotilla, HM Destroyers NUBIAN, PALADIN, PETARD, JERV1S of
"K" based in
Malta, HM Destroyers
LAFOREY, LOYAL, TARTAR and Polish ORP
BLYSKAWICA of Force
"Q" based at Bone, and ships of Flotilla, to establish
(Operation RETRIBUTION – See above references,)
(Note: Other Escort Destroyers engaged in this Operation to intercept craft
evacuation of enemy troops from Tunisia included: HM Escort Destroyers
ZETLAND, LAMERTON, ALDENHAM, HURSLEY, DULVERTON,
LAUDERDALE, WILTON and Greek KANARIS (Ex HATHERLEIGH).
for escort and support of planned allied landings in Sicily (Operation HUSKY)
Improved air cover was available to minimise threat of
air attack on convoys during
passage of military convoys from Egypt.
details see above references and THE LAST DESTROYER by F. A. Mason).
Nominated for duty in Support Force East as part of Escort Group P during allied
(Operation HUSKY - ENGAGE THE ENEMY MORE CLOSELY, Naval Staff History
BRITISH INVASION FLEETS by J de Winser.)
Passage to Port Said
from Port Said as part of escort for assault convoy MWF36
from MWF36 to refuel.
from MWF36 on arrival at BARK WEST Beach Head.
Provided AA defence and carried out patrols to intercept any attempt to
interfere with landings
11th In action
against shore defences at Augusta, Sicily during attempt, to enter harbour
Destroyer ESKIMO and Greek Escort Destroyer KANARIS.
(See above references,)
Deployed for convoy escort and patrol in
Nominated for escort and support during planned assault landings on Italian
mainland as part
Force (Operation AVALANCHE).
Joined Task Force 65 with HM Destroyers LAFOREY, LOOKOUT, LOYAL, NUBIAN and
TARTAR of 19th
Destroyer Flotilla, HM Escort Destroyers MENDIP, DULVERTON,
TETCOTT, BELVOIR, BROCKLESBY, QUANTOCK, BLACKMORE, BRECON,
BEAUFORT, LEDBURY and Greek PINDOS (Ex HATHERLEIGH)
September Passage to Tripoli
6th Sailed from Tripoli
as part of escort for military Convoy TSF1 during passage to beach head.
10th Detached from TSF1 on
arrival and provided AA defence for ships in anchorage
out defensive patrols to prevent attacks by E-Boats on ships laying off the
to Eastern Mediterranean with ships of 5th Destroyer Flotilla for
military operations in defence of Aegean Islands after British troops
landed following the
from Alexandria with HM Cruiser AURORA, HM Destroyers PATHFINDER and
BLENCATHRA to relieve HM Cruiser PHOEBE , HMS ALDENHAM and HMS
HURSLEY in support
of defence of
Deployed for interception patrols and supply to garrison.
patrol and support role in Aegean.
(Note: Laid-up during daytime in bays around
Turkish coast to avoid air attacks.
out patrols in Aegean to intercept craft taking German troops to land on
unsuccessfully for invasion craft on passage to Levitha with HM Destroyers FURY
Laid-up in Gulf of Doris on completion.
10 tons of ammunition in Alexandria for Leros.
passage with HM Destroyer FURY and Polish Escort Destroyer KRAKOWIAK
HMS SILVERTON) to Limassol.
Recalled during passage to Leros from Limassol when surrender of Garrison became
24th Took part in support
of diversionary operation (RUMBLE BUMBLE)
with HM Destroyer ALDENHAM to relieve HM Destroyers
PENN and PETARD
escort for damaged Greek destroyer ADR1AS during passage to Alexandria from
details of this operation see WAR IN THE AEGEAN by Peter Smith and
Nominated for service with 22nd Destroyer Flotilla based in Algiers,
passage to Algiers.
Deployed in central
Mediterranean with Flotilla for anti-submarine patrol and support of
1 9 4 4
duties in continuation.
February Nominated for
convoy escort and support of planned allied landings at Anzio.
(Operation SHINGLE – For details see above references,)
Escorted convoys to Anzio and provided AA defence off beachheads during build-up Phase
for anti-submarine patrol and convoy defence in continuation.
10th Took part
in sinking of U450 with HM Escort Destroyers BLANKNEY, BLENCATHRA and
BRECON in position 41.11N, 12.27E off Anzio.
survivors were rescued by ships
of the attacking group.
details see U-BOATS DESTROYED by P Kemp and HITLER'S U-BOAT WAR by C Blair.
Deployment for Mediterranean convoy defence in continuation.
October Deployed for
escort of military convoys to Greek mainland.
Transferred to 3rd Destroyer Flotilla as Leader with HMS LIDDESDALE and other
(Operation MANNA – See Military History of War (HMSO)
and Naval Staff History).
November Deployed in
eastern Mediterranean fore convoy defence and support of military operations.
1 9 4 5
deployment in continuation.
out interception patrol and support duty in Aegean during re-occupation of
Deployed with HMS LEDBURY and HMS TETCOTT of Flotilla
to support Greek military unit
to Nisero, Dodecanese to destroy German raiding force..
support deployment duties in continuation.
out patrols for interception of craft evacuating German forces from Aegean
to Taranto for refit.
Nominated as Reserve for service in Eastern Fleet.
ships of the Flotilla were retained in the Mediterranean
Flotilla duties on completion of refit.
1st Took passage to UK
to prepare for foreign service.
arrival taken in hand for further refit in commercial shipyard at Royal Albert
for foreign service and refit cancelled
P o s t W a r N o t e s
HMS EXMOOR (ii)
Paid off and
reduced to Reserve status at Portsmouth in November 1945. This ship remained
laid-up there and placed on the Sales List in 1953. Sold to Denmark she was
renamed VELDEMAR SEJR during Danish naval service .In 1962 she was placed on
the Disposal List and sold for demolition locally in 1966