The Patriot Files Forums  

Go Back   The Patriot Files Forums > Conflict posts > World War II

Post New Thread  Reply
 
Thread Tools Display Modes
  #1  
Old 12-15-2010, 04:15 AM
BLUEHAWK's Avatar
BLUEHAWK BLUEHAWK is offline
Senior Member
 

Join Date: May 2002
Location: Ozarks
Posts: 4,632
Send a message via Yahoo to BLUEHAWK
Distinctions
Contributor 
Arrow Ardennes 16 Dec 44-27 Jan 45

Source:
http://www.world-war-2.info/battles/bt_8.php
Battle of Ardennes (1944) (a.k.a. Battle of the Bulge)

The Ardennes Offensive, popularly known as the Battle of the Bulge, was the last major German offensive on the Western Front in World War 2.
Unsuccessful in its goals, it nevertheless tied down huge Allied resources and a slow response to the resulting gap in their lines erased months from their timetable.
Background
After the failure of Operation Market Garden, the Canadian 1st Army was finally supplied and moved forward, clearing the Westerschelde and opening Antwerp to shipping.
This stabilized the lines once again, this time some 125km to the north of where they had been in early September, and the terrible supply problems the Allies had been having started to ease.
At about this time the massive Soviet summer 1944 offensive burnt itself out in eastern Poland, and the war paused. Taking advantage of this, Hitler called for ideas to re-open the front in the west. Several ideas were submitted, two rising to the top.
One called for a pincer attack on the US 1st Army under Hodges, which was overextended and would be easy to surround. An entire army would be cut off in territory that would be fairly easy to defend from counterattack.
However this plan would do little to address the overall situation. While removing 1/4 of the Allied fighting force would certainly have an effect, the remaining 3/4s would be more than enough to win the war alone.
Beginning on December 16, 1944, the German forces attacked through the Ardennes Forest in Belgium. The German Wacht am Rhein ("Watch on the Rhine) plan for the "Von Rundstedt Offensive" was to split the Allied advance and then cut nortwards to seize Antwerp.
The territory was heavily forested and mountainous, there appeared little chance of an armoured assault in this sector. The battle started in very poor weather; this grounded Allied aircraft and greatly aided the German advance.
The first few days were vital, and although many American troops were over-run or surrendered, unexpectedly strong resistance in certain areas greatly slowed the German advance.
On December 21 the German forces had completely surrounded Bastogne, defended by the 101st Airborne Division. When General Anthony McAuliffe was awakened by a German invitation to surrender, he gave a one-syllable reply that has been variously reported and was probably unprintable.
However, there is no disagreement as to what he wrote on the paper delivered to the Germans: "NUTS!" That reply had to be explained both to the Germans and to non-American Allies.
By December 24 the German advance was effectively stalled short of the Meuse River, they had outrun their supply lines, and shortages of fuel and ammunition were becoming critical. Improving weather brought the massive Allied air superiority back into play. The Germans retreated from Bastogne on January 13.
The battle officially ended on January 27, 1945.
The Americans lost 75,522 men (killed, wounded, missing or captured), the British lost 1,408 and the Germans lost 67,675 men.
The German losses were critical in reducing the length of the war, vital and irreplaceable men and equipment had been wasted in a few weeks.
__________________
http://www.anyairman.com

Missouri State Coordinator
MISSING IN AMERICA PROJECT
http://www.miap.us
sendpm.gif Reply With Quote
Sponsored Links
Reply

Thread Tools
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is On

Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
Ardennes-Alsace David World War II 0 06-17-2010 01:09 PM
December 23, 1944 - the Ardennes, Belgium 82Rigger General Posts 2 12-24-2005 01:25 AM
December 23, 1944 - the Ardennes, Belgium 82Rigger General Posts 2 12-22-2004 12:08 PM
The Ardennes (Belgium): December, 1944 82Rigger Vietnam 1 12-22-2003 07:06 PM
Ardennes...23 Dec 1944 82Rigger Vietnam 4 12-23-2002 12:17 PM

All times are GMT -7. The time now is 09:52 AM.


Powered by vBulletin, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.