The Patriot Files Forums  

Go Back   The Patriot Files Forums > Conflict posts > Gulf War

Post New Thread  Reply
 
Thread Tools Display Modes
  #1  
Old 04-14-2019, 07:35 AM
Boats's Avatar
Boats Boats is online now
Senior Member
 

Join Date: Jul 2002
Location: Chicago, IL
Posts: 11,001
Arrow Saddam vs. the World: Your Ultimate Guide to the First Gulf War

Saddam vs. the World: Your Ultimate Guide to the First Gulf War
By: Warfare History Network / National Interest / 4-14-19
RE: https://nationalinterest.org/blog/bu...gulf-war-52297

On August 2, 1990, the Iraqi army invaded Kuwait with the aim of annexing the country. Within a week, U.S. forces began arriving in Saudi Arabia. Having received the support of the United Nations, the United States formed a coalition of 34 nations to liberate Kuwait. Operation Desert Storm began on January 16, 1991, and achieved its goal in less than two months.

I. Invasion & Troop Deployment

July 15, 1990 – Having drained his country’s finances in a protracted eight-year war against Iran, Iraqi ruler Saddam Hussein decided to conquer the rich neighboring country of Kuwait. Saddam claims Kuwait is stealing oil from Iraq’s Rumaylah oil field on the two countries’ border. His first overt move is to order his elite Republican Guard units to the border of Kuwait to intimidate the Kuwaitis.

August 2 – After misleading Arab and western nations into believing he has no real intention to invade Kuwait, Saddam invades Kuwait with an army of 100,000 men and 200 tanks. The Kuwaiti royal family takes refuge in Saudi Arabia. The United Nations condemns the invasion through U.N. Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 660.

August 7 – The United States sends advance elements of what will become a large U.S. military force to Saudi Arabia. Ultimately, the U.S.-led coalition will field 670,000 troops, of which 425,000 are from the United States.

II. Operation Desert Storm

November 29 – UNSCR 678 sets January 15, 1991, as the date that Iraq must withdraw from Kuwait or face armed expulsion by the U.S.-led coalition, which has the support of the United Nations.

January 16, 1991 – Operation Desert Storm begins with a massive air campaign against Iraqi infrastructure and military forces. Over a 38-day period, the coalition flies more than 110,000 sorties against Iraq. The air campaign, which includes B-52 bombing runs, is designed to disrupt Iraqi communications, degrade its military forces, and break the morale of its soldiers.

January 18 – Saddam sends SCUD missiles to strike Israeli targets in a vain attempt to widen the war and dissuade Muslim nations from supporting the coalition.

III. Entering Iraq

January 29 – February 1. Saddam sends two mechanized divisions and one armored division to capture the northeastern Saudi Arabian town of Khafji on the Persian Gulf. With coalition air support, Saudi Arabian and Qatarian ground units repulse the Iraqis in the Battle of Khafji.

February 24 – The coalition’s ground campaign begins. The coalition feints at coastal Kuwait threatening a Marine amphibious landing, but the main attack is inland against Saddam’s forces in Kuwait and Iraq. British SAS troops are the first to enter Iraq. U.S. M270 multiple rocket launchers shower Iraqi positions while bulldozers tear gaps in the sand walls along the border between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait for coalition tanks to advance.

February 25 – An Iraqi SCUD missile hits the U.S. barracks at Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, killing 28 U.S. troops and wounding nearly 100.

IV. Withdrawal & the Cease-Fire

February 26 – Saddam orders his troops to begin withdrawing from Kuwait. Before they withdraw, the Iraqis set fire to 700 Kuwaiti oil wells. Panic sets in when the Iraqis realize they are going to be attacked as they try to leave Kuwait.

February 27 – The U.S. 1st Armored Division attacks the Medina Division of the Republican Guard in a place known as the Medina Ridge in northern Kuwait where the Iraqi T-72 tanks laid an ambush. The 1st Armored Division detected the ambush and its M-1 Abrams engaged the T-72s at a distance destroying them with the assistance of artillery and air strikes. Coalition air strikes pummel columns of Iraqi soldiers attempting to flee Kuwait. Meanwhile, U.S. Marines and Joint Forces Command East (a pan-Arab unit) liberate Kuwait.

February 28 – The U.S.-led coalition negotiates a cease-fire. Western leaders decide not to overthrow Saddam on the grounds it would destabilize the region. However, this leaves Shia Muslims and Kurds that rose up against Saddam open to persecution once the coalition withdraws.

Note: This article originally appeared on the Warfare History Network.
__________________
Boats

O Almighty Lord God, who neither slumberest nor sleepest; Protect and assist, we beseech thee, all those who at home or abroad, by land, by sea, or in the air, are serving this country, that they, being armed with thy defence, may be preserved evermore in all perils; and being filled with wisdom and girded with strength, may do their duty to thy honour and glory; through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.

"IN GOD WE TRUST"
sendpm.gif Reply With Quote
Sponsored Links
Reply

Thread Tools
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is On

All times are GMT -7. The time now is 07:49 AM.


Powered by vBulletin, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.