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Primary Sources Archive: Order of Battle

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This Day in History
1762: The British fleet bombards and captures Spanish held Manila in the Philippines.

1785: The day after he routed counterrevolutionaries in Paris, Napoleon Bonaparte accepts their formal surrender.

1813: U.S. victory at the Battle of the Thames, in Ontario, broke Britains Indian allies with the death of Shawnee Chief Tecumseh, and made the Detroit frontier safe.

1821: Greek rebels capture Tripolitza, the main Turkish fort in the Peloponnese area of Greece.

1864: After losing the city of Atlanta, Confederate General John Bell Hood attacks Union General William T. Shermans supply line at Allatoona Pass, Georgia. His men could not take the Union stronghold, and Hood was forced to retreat into Alabama.

1877: Nez Perce Chief Joseph surrenders to Colonel Nelson Miles in Montana Territory, after a 1,700-mile trek to reach Canada falls 40 miles short.

1942: Joseph Stalin, premier and dictator of the Soviet Union, fires off a telegram to the German/Soviet front at Stalingrad, exhorting his forces to victory. "That part of Stalingrad which has been captured must be liberated."

1952: The battle for White Horse Mountain in the Chorwon Valley took place. The defending ROK 9th Infantry Division inflicted 10,000 casualties in fierce combat with the attacking Chinese 38th Army at a cost 3,500 ROK casualties. During the battle, the ROK forces launched nine separate attacks and the Chinese, 28.

1963: Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge reports to President John F. Kennedy from Saigon that South Vietnamese generals are planning a coup against President Ngo Dinh Diem.

1965: U.S. forces in Saigon receive permission to use tear gas.