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Primary Sources Archive: Order of Battle

The articles published in this Primary Sources Archive are as follows:
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This Day in History
1692: The Massacre of Glencoe takes place when thirty-eight members of the MacDonald clan are murdered by soldiers of the neighboring Campbell clan for not pledging allegiance to William of Orange.

1861: The earliest military action to be revered with a Medal of Honor award is performed by Colonel Bernard J.D. Irwin, an assistant army surgeon serving in the first major U.S.-Apache conflict.

1862: The four day Battle of Fort Donelson, Tennessee, begins.

1865: The Confederacy approves the recruitment of slaves as soldiers, as long as the approval of their owners is gained.

1943: The U.S. Marine Corps Womens Reserve was formed.

1945: A series of Allied firebombing raids begins against the German city of Dresden, reducing the city to rubble and flames, and killing as many as 135,000 people. It was the single most destructive bombing of the war.

1945: The first naval units enter Manila Bay since 1942.

1951: At the Battle of Chipyong-ni, in Korea, U.N. troops contain the Chinese forces offensive in a two-day battle.

1965: President Lyndon B. Johnson approves Operation Rolling Thunder, the sustained bombing of North Vietnam that he and his advisers had been contemplating for a year.

1968: As an emergency measure in response to the 1968 communist Tet Offensive, Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara approves the deployment of 10,500 troops to cope with threats of a second offensive.