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A certain grasp of military affairs is vital for those in charge of general policy.

-- Karl von Clausewitz

301st Fighter Wing

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Lineage

Established as 301 Fighter Wing on 5 Oct 1944. Activated on 15 Oct 1944. Inactivated on 20 Jan 1949. Redesignated 301 Tactical Fighter Wing on 19 May 1972. Activated in the Reserve on 1 Jul 1972. Redesignated 301 Fighter Wing on 1 Feb 1992.

Assignments

First Air Force (attached to I Fighter Command), 15 Oct 1944; Twentieth Air Force, 21 May 1945 (attached to Army Air Forces, Pacific Ocean Area, 21 May 1945; Seventh Air Force, 1 Jun-14 Aug 1945); Eighth Air Force, 15 Aug 1945; 1 Air Division, 7 Jun 1946; Thirteenth Air Force, 1 Dec 1948-20 Jan 1949. Central Air Force Reserve Region, 1 Jul 1972; Tenth Air Force, 8 Oct 1976-.

Components

Groups. 51: 15 Oct 1946-18 Aug 1948. 301 Operations: 1 Aug 1992-. 318: attached 21 May-Nov 1945. 413: 28 Oct 1944-15 Oct 1946. 414: 28 Oct 1944-17 Apr 1945. 506: 8 Jul 1972-25 Mar 1973. 507: 26 Jun 1945-27 May 1946; 25 Jul 1972-25 Mar 1973; 17 Oct 1975-1 Oct 1982. 508: 1 Jan-25 Mar 1973; 17 Oct 1975-1 Oct 1982. 924: 1 Oct 1982-1 Oct 1994. 926: 1 Aug 1992-1 Oct 1994. 945 Military Airlift: 1 Jul 1972-1 Jan 1973.

Squadrons. 418 Night Fighter: 20 Mar 1946-20 Feb 1947. 457: 25 Mar 1973-1 Aug 1992. 465: 25 Mar 1973-17 Oct 1975. 466: 25 Mar 1973-17 Oct 1975. 548 Night Fighter: attached 8 Jun-14 Jul 1945.

Stations

Seymour Johnson Field, NC, 15 Oct 1944; Mitchel Field, NY, 1 Nov 1944-30 May 1945; Ie Shima, Ryukyus, 19 May 1945 (air echelon) and 31 Jul 1945 (ground echelon); Kadena, Okinawa, 29 Nov 1945; Yontan, Okinawa, c. 1 Apr 1946; Bisha Gawa, Okinawa, Nov 1946; Naha AAB (later, AB), Okinawa, 12 May 1947-20 Jan 1949. Carswell AFB (later, ARS), TX, 1 Jul 1972-.

Commanders

Lt Col George H. Hollingsworth, 15 Oct 1944; Col Thayer S. Olds, 19 Oct 1944; Brig Gen Francis H. Griswold, 23 Aug 1945; Col Emmett F. Yost, 11 Sep 1945; Col Hanlon H. Van Auken, 1 Nov 1945; Col Mark E. Bradley Jr., 4 Feb 1946; Col Loring F. Stetson Jr., 30 Oct 1946; Brig Gen Robert C. Oliver, 1 Jan 1947; Col Loring F. Stetson Jr., 24 Mar 1947; Col Joseph E. Barzynski Jr., 21 Apr 1947; Brig Gen Hugo P. Rush, 1 May 1947-18 Aug 1948; none (not manned), 19 Aug 1948-20 Jan 1949. None (not manned), 1 Jul-31 Dec 1972; Brig Gen John E. Taylor Jr., 1 Jan 1973; Brig Gen Roger P. Scheer, 15 May 1978; Col Daly R. Bales Jr., 1 Apr 1983; Brig Gen Ralph D. Erwin, 16 May 1983; Brig Gen William H. Lawson, 30 Jun 1987; Brig Gen Bob L. Efferson, 15 Jul 1994-.

Aircraft

P-47, 1944-1948; P-61, 1945-1948; P-80, 1947-1948. F-105, 1972-1982; F-4, 1981-1991; F-16, 1990-.

Operations

Trained to escort heavy bombers, 1944-1945. From Ryukyus Islands in the western Pacific Ocean, air echelon commenced combat operations in Jun 1945. Escorted B-29 and B-24 bombers and attacked shipping and Japanese lines of communication. Provided air defense of Ryukyus in the immediate post-war period. Since 1972, trained in the Reserve for tactical air missions, including counter-air, interdiction, and close air support. Participated in exercises, both within the United States and abroad. Deployed a security police flight to southwest Asia during Operation Desert Storm, Jan-Mar 1991. Supported Operation Deny Flight in the Balkans in the mid-1990s.

Service Streamers

None.

Campaign Streamers

World War II: Ryukyus.

Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers

None.

Decorations

Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: 14 May 1992-13 May 1994; 30 Jun 1995-1 Jul 1997.

Lineage, Assignments, Components, Stations, and Honors through 3 Nov 2000.

Commanders, Aircraft, and Operations through 31 Dec 1997

Emblem

Approved on 19 Dec 1978.

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