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Everything which the enemy least expects will succeed the best.

-- Frederick II of Prussia

90th Fighter Squadron

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Lineage

Organized as 90th Aero Squadron on 20 Aug 1917. Redesignated: 90th Squadron (Surveillance) on 13 Aug 1919; 90th Squadron (Attack) on 15 Sep 1921; 90th Attack Squadron on 25 Jan 1923; 90th Bombardment Squadron (Light) on 15 Sep 1939; 90th Bombardment Squadron (Dive) on 28 Sep 1942; 90th Bombardment Squadron (Light) on 25 May 1943; 90th Bombardment Squadron, Light, on 29 Apr 1944. Inactivated on 1 Oct 1949. Redesignated 90th Bombardment Squadron, Light, Night Intruder, on 7 Jun 1951. Activated on 25 Jun 1951. Redesignated: 90th Bombardment Squadron, Tactical, on 1 Oct 1955; 90th Tactical Fighter Squadron on 8 Jun 1964; 90th Attack Squadron on 12 Dec 1969; 90th Special Operations Squadron on 31 Oct 1970; 90th Tactical Fighter Squadron on 8 Jul 1973; 90th Fighter Squadron on 26 Sep 1991.

Assignments

Unkn, 20 Aug?Nov 1917; I Air Depot, c. 20 Nov 1917; I Corps Observation Group, 19 Apr 1918; IV Corps Observation Group, 13 Jun 1918; III Corps Observation Group, 21 Sep 1918; I Corps Observation Group, 30 Nov?Dec 1918; unkn, Dec 1918?1 Jul 1919; Army Surveillance (later 1st Surveillance; 3d Attack; 3d Bombardment) Group, 1 Jul 1919?1 Oct 1949. 3d Bombardment Group, 25 Jun 1951 (attached to 3d Bombardment Wing, 13 Aug 1956?24 Oct 1957); 3d Bombardment Wing, 25 Oct 1957 (attached to 41st Air Division, 1 Sep 1963?7 Jan 1964); 41st Air Division, 8 Jan 1964; Tactical Air Command, 8 Jun 1964; 3d Tactical Fighter Wing, 9 Jun 1964 (attached to 405th Fighter Wing, 7 Feb?10 May 1965; 39th Air Division, 8 Aug 1965?); 834th Air Division, 19 Nov 1965 (remained attached to 39th Air Division to 5 Dec 1965; attached to 401st Tactical Fighter Wing, c. 5 Dec 1965?c. 7 Feb 1966); 3d Tactical Fighter Wing, c. 8 Feb 1966; 14th Special Operations Wing, 31 Oct 1970; 483d Tactical Airlift Wing, 1 Sep 1971; 18th Tactical Fighter Wing, 15 Apr 1972; 405th Fighter Wing, 15 Dec 1972; 3d Tactical Fighter Wing, 16 Sep 1974; 21st Tactical Fighter Wing, 29 May 1991; 21st Operations Group, 26 Sep 1991; 3d Operations Group, 19 Dec 1991?.

Stations

Kelly Field, TX, 20 Aug 1917; Garden City, NY, 5?27 Oct 1917; Colombey-les-Belles, France, 20 Nov 1917; Amanty, France, 19 Apr 1918; Ourches, France, 13 Jun 1918; Souilly, France, 20 Sep 1918; Bethelainville, France, 29 Oct 1918; Belrain, France, 15 Jan 1919; Colombey-les-Belles, France, 18 Jan 1919; Libourne, France, 25 Jan 1919; St. Denis-de-Piles, France, 29 Jan 1919; Libourne, France, 2 Feb 1919; Bordeaux, France, 10?19 Apr 1919; Hazelhurst Field, NY, 5 May 1919; Kelly Field, TX, c. May 1919 (Flight A operated from Eagle Pass, TX, 27 Aug 1919?; Flight B operated from Kelly Field No. 2, TX, 30 Sep?29 Nov 1919); Sanderson, TX, 29 Nov 1919 (Flight A operated from Eagle Pass, TX, to 12 Jun 1920 and from Del Rio, TX, 12 Jun 1920?30 Jun 1921); Kelly Field, TX, 2 Jul 1921; Ft Crockett, TX, 1 Jul 1926 (detachment operated from Ft Huachuca, AZ, 7 Apr?12 May 1929); Barksdale Field, LA, 27 Feb 1935; (deployed at Bakersfield, CA, 3?23 May 1937); Savannah, GA, 9 Oct 1940?19 Jan 1942; Brisbane, Australia, 25 Feb 1942; Charters Towers, Australia, 8 Mar 1942; Port Moresby, New Guinea, 28 Jan 1943; Dobodura, New Guinea, 21 May 1943; Nadzab, New Guinea, 5 Feb 1944; Hollandia, New Guinea, c. 7 May 1944; Dulag, Leyte, 16 Nov 1944; San Jose, Mindoro, 30 Dec 1944; Sobe, Okinawa, 6 Aug 1945; Atsugi, Japan, c. 8 Sep 1945; Yokota AB, Japan, 10 Oct 1946?1 Oct 1949. Iwakuni AB, Japan, 25 Jun 1951; Kunsan AB, South Korea, c. 20 Aug 1951 (deployed at Pusan AB, South Korea, 25 Apr?17 May 1952); Johnson AB, Japan, 5 Oct 1954 (deployed at Itazuke AB, Japan, 18 Jan?2 Feb 1957); Yokota AB, Japan, 18 Nov 1960?9 Jun 1964; England AFB, LA, 9 Jun 1964?8 Feb 1966 (deployed at Clark AB, Philippines, 7 Feb?10 May 1965; Misawa AB, Japan, 3 Aug?5 Dec 1965); Bien Hoa AB, South Vietnam, 12 Feb 1966 (deployed at Phan Rang AB, South Vietnam, 9?14 Apr 1967); Nha Trang AB, South Vietnam, 31 Oct 1970; Kadena AB, Okinawa (later, Japan), 15 Apr 1972; Clark AB, Philippines, 15 Dec 1972; Elmendorf AFB, AK, 29 May 1991?.

Aircraft

In addition to Sopwith 1 and Salmson 2, briefly included Spad XI and Breguet 14 during 1918?1819; DH?4, 1919?c. 1925; GAX (GA?1), 1921?1922; O?2, 1921?1926, 1926?1928; in addition to DH?4, 1926?1932, and A?3, 1928?1934, included 0?1, XO?6, A?8, and Y?8 in the 1920s and early 1930s; A?12, 1933?1936; A?17, 1936?1939; A?18, (later, B?18), 1939?1941; B?12, 1939?1940; A?20, 1941, 1943?1945; A?24, 1941, 1942; B?25, 1942?1944, 1945; A?26, (later B?26), 1945?1946, 1946?1949; B?24, 1944?1946. B?26, 1951?1956; B?57, 1956?1964; F?100, 1964?1969; A?37, 1969?1970; C?123, 1970?1972; C?130, 1970?1972; F?4, 1973?1991; F?15, 1991?.

Operations

Combat as corps observation unit with American I, III, and IV Army Corps, and French XVII Army Corps, 16 Jun?10 Nov 1918. Mexican border patrol, Sep 1919?Jun 1921 and Apr 1929. Antisubmarine, East coast of US, Dec 1941?Jan 1942; combat in Southwest and Western Pacific, Apr 1942?12 Aug 1945. Combat in Korea, 25 Jun 1951?27 Jul 1953. Combat in Southeast Asia, Feb 1966?Dec 1972. Not manned and non?operational Dec 1972?Aug 1973. Air defense of the Philippines, Sep 1973?May 1991. Air defense of Alaska, May 1991?.

Honors

Service Streamers. None.

Campaign Streamers. World War I: Lorraine; St Mihiel; Meuse-Argonne. World War II: Antisubmarine, American Theater; East Indies; Air Offensive, Japan; Papua; New Guinea; Bismarck Archipelago; Western Pacific; Leyte; Luzon; Southern Philippines. Korea: CCF Spring Offensive; UN Summer-Fall Offensive; Second Korean Winter; Korea Summer-Fall, 1952; Third Korean Winter; Korea, Summer 1953. Vietnam: Vietnam Air; Vietnam Air Offensive; Vietnam Air Offensive, Phase II; Vietnam Air Offensive, Phase III; Vietnam Air/Ground; Vietnam Air Offensive, Phase IV; Tet 69/ Counteroffensive; Vietnam Summer-Fall, 1969; Vietnam Winter-Spring, 1970; Sanctuary Counteroffensive; Southwest Monsoon; Commando Hunt V; Commando Hunt VI; Commando Hunt VII; Vietnam Ceasefire.

Armed Force Expeditionary Streamers. None.

Decorations. Distinguished Unit Citations: Papua, 23 Jul 1942?23 Jan 1943; Bismarck Sea, 3?4 Mar 1943; New Guinea, 17 Aug 1943; Korea, [25 Jun]?9 Jul 1951; Korea, 1 May?27 Jul 1953. Presidential Unit Citations: Southeast Asia, 8 Jun 1966?16 Apr 1967; Southeast Asia, 6 Mar 1968?31 Jul 1969. Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards With Combat "V" Device: 31 Jan?5 Mar 1968; 1 Aug 1969?20 Jan 1970; 21 Jan?30 Sep 1970; 1 Nov 1970?30 Jun 1971; 1 Sep?31 Dec 1971. Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: 1 Jun 1958?30 Jun 1960; 1 Jul 1960?31 Mar 1962; [9 Jun] 1964?16 Jul 1965; 3 Apr?31 May 1975; 1 Jul 1979?30 Jun 1981; 1 Jul 1981?30 Apr 1982; 22 Mar?1 Apr 1986; 1 Jan 1989?1 Jun 1990. Philippine Presidential Unit Citation (WWII). Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Crosses with Palm: [8 Feb 1966]?19 May 1969; 1 Apr 1966?15 Apr 1972; 1 May?30 Sep 1970.

Emblem

A pair of Red dice with White spots and edges, showing a "natural" (2 and 5). Approved on 14 Feb 1924 (K 2674). MOTTO: PAIR-O-DICE. Approved on 28 Dec 1992.

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