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394th Combat Training Squadron

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Lineage

Organized as 4 Aero Squadron on 5 May 1917. Redesignated Squadron B, Post Field, OK, on 22 Jul 1918. Demobilized on 2 Jan 1919. Reconstituted and consolidated (1924) with the 4 Aero Squadron which was organized on 23 Jun 1919. Redesignated: 4 Squadron (Observation) on 14 Mar 1921; 4 Observation Squadron on 25 Jan 1923; 4 Reconnaissance Squadron on 25 Jan 1938; 4 Reconnaissance Squadron (Medium Range) on 6 Dec 1939; 4 Reconnaissance Squadron (Heavy) on 20 Nov 1940; 394 Bombardment Squadron (Heavy) on 22 Apr 1942; 394 Bombardment Squadron, Heavy by Sept 1944. Inactivated on 29 Apr 1946. Redesignated 394 Combat Training Squadron on 22 Oct 1996. Activated on 6 Nov 1996.

Assignments

Eastern Department, 23 Jun 1919; 2 (later 5) Observation Group, 15 Dec 1919 (attached to Eastern Department until 8 Jan 1920); Hawaiian Department, 31 Jan 1922, (divisional aviation for Hawaiian Division, Feb 1922-Jan 1927); 5 Composite (later, 5 Bombardment) Group, assigned 11 Jan 1927, attached 12 Oct 1938, assigned 25 Feb 1942-29 Apr 1946. 509 Operations Group, 6 Nov 1996-.

Stations

Ft Sam Houston, TX, 5 May 1917; South San Antonio, TX, May 1917; Ft Sill, OK, 24 Sep 1917; Post Field, OK, Nov 1917-2 Jan 1919. Hazelhurst Field, NY, 23 Jun 1919; Mitchel Field, NY, Nov 1919-8 Jan 1920; Luke Field, TH, 24 Jan 1920; Schofield Barracks, TH, 6 Feb 1922; Luke Field, TH, 11 Jan 1927; Hickam Field, TH, 1 Jan 1939; Bellows Field, TH, c.30 May 1942; Hickam Field, TH, 24 Jul 1942; Bellows Field, TH, 28 Sep-17 Nov 1942; Fiji, 25 Dec 1942 (operated from Espiritu Santo and Guadalcanal, 3-19 Jan 1943, and 25 Apr-5 Jun 1943); Guadalcanal, c.28 Jun 1943 (operated from Munda, New Georgia, c.28 Feb-9 Apr 1944); Momote Airfield, Los Negros, 13 Apr 1944; Wakde, c.25 Aug 1944; Noemfoor, c.27 Sep 1944; Morotai, 1 Nov 1944; Samar, c.2 Mar 1945; Clark Field, Luzon, Dec 1945-29 Apr 1946. Whiteman AFB, MO, 6 Nov 1996-.

Commanders


Aircraft

Apparently included R-4, JN-4, and JN-6, during period 1917-1919. Primarily DH-4 during period 1919-1929; in addition to O-19 and OA-1, included B-12 and P-12 during period 1929-1937; primarily B-18 during period 1938-1941; B-17, 1941-1942; LB-30, 1942; B-17, Nov 1942-1943; B-24, 1943-1945. B-2, 1996-.

Operations

Evidently served as observer training unit, 1918-1919. Flew patrols over the Pacific, 7 Dec 1941-3 Dec 1943. Trained B-17 pilots, Jan-May 1942. Combat in South and Southwest Pacific at various times between 4 Jan 1943 and 3 Apr 1944. Combat in Southwest and Western Pacific, 18 Apr 1944-12 Aug 1945. Trained B-2 aircrews, 1996-.

Service Streamers

None.

Campaign Streamers

World War II: Central Pacific; Guadalcanal; New Guinea; Northern Solomons; Eastern Mandates; Bismarck Archipelago; Western Pacific; Leyte; Luzon; Southern Philippines; China Offensive; Air Combat, Asiatic-Pacific.

Armed Forces Expeditionary Streamers

None.

Decorations

Distinguished Unit Citations: Woleai Island, 18 Apr-15 May 1944; Borneo, 30 Sep 1944. Navy Presidential Unit Citation: [1942]. Philippine Presidential Unit Citation (WWII).

Emblem

Approved on 19 Jun 1931.

Lineage, Assignments, Components, Stations, and Honors through 30 Oct 1997

Commanders, Aircraft, and Operations through Nov 1996

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This Day in History
1864: Confederate General Sterling Price's raid on Missouri nearly turns into disaster when his army is pinned between two Union forces at Westport, near Kansas City. Although outnumbered two to one, Price managed to slip safely away after the Battle of Westport, which was the biggest battle west of the Mississippi River.