Decrease Font Size Increase Font Size
Login

Military Photos



Bright Star, Egypt, 06 Oct 1981-Nov 1981

(409 total words in this text)
(6102 Reads)  Printer-friendly page
Bright Star

Beginning after World War II, the United States opposed all aspects of Egypt's belligerency toward Israel, but following Egyptian President Anwar Sadat's 1977 trip to Jerusalem, the 1978 Camp David agreements, and the 1979 Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty, Egypt's policy toward Israel changed from belligerency to cooperation, and US policy toward Egypt changed as well.

In late 1979 tensions increased in the Middle East after the crisis in Iran. The 552nd Airborne Warning and Control Wing was directed to deploy to Egypt, and the 963rd Airborne Air Control Squadron conducted joint training missions with the Egyptian Air Force. From December 1979 to May 1980, two E-3s, crews and support personnel deployed to the European theater to conduct joint training in Central Europe and the Mediterranean area with elements of the US Navy's 6th Fleet and allied forces. This deployment marked the first time the E-3 operated in Egypt.

On 06 October 1981, while observing a military parade commemorating the eighth anniversary of the October 1973 War, Sadat was assassinated by members of Al Jihad movement, a group of religious extremists. Following the assassination of Sadat, a carrier battlegroup and the Mediterranean Amphibious Ready Group were ordered to a position 120 n.mi. north of Egypt. The forces were sent to the region because of the possibility of Libyan involvement in the assassination and because of fears of Libyan aggression against either Egypt or the Sudan. The 552nd Airborne Warning and Control Wing returned to Egypt after the Sadat assassination. Two E-3s and some 200 operations and support personnel from the 963rd Airborne Air Control Squadron deployed to Egypt.

The 963rd Airborne Air Control Squadron deployed to Egypt again in November 1981 to take part in the Rapid Deployment Joint Task Force exercise Bright Star '82.

Bright Star exercises have been conducted every other year in conjunction with the Egyptian government since 1981. The United States and Egypt continue to hold periodic "Bright Star" exercises for infantry, airborne, artillery, and armored forces. The eighth exercise in the Bright Star series began 27 October 1995. Exercise Bright Star 98, which began on 25 October 1997, was a joint/combined coalition tactical air, ground, naval and special operations forces field training exercise in Egypt. Members of the US Central Command's Army, Air Force, Navy, Marine and special operations components, and members of the Air and Army National Guard, participated with forces from Egypt, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, France, Italy and the United Kingdom.
Military History
Forum Posts

Military Polls

Should women be officially placed in combat-support units on the front lines as planned by the Army?

[ Results | Polls ]

Votes: 74

This Day in History
1807: British officers of the H.M.S. Leopard boarded the U.S.S. Chesapeake after she had set sail for the Mediterranean, and demanded the right to search the ship for deserters.

1813: A British force attempted to take Craney Island, the fort there was one of the key defenses to Norfolk's inner harbor and was home to the frigate "Constellation".

1864: Union forces attempt to capture a railroad that had been supplying Petersburg from the south and extend their lines to the Appomattox River.

1864: U.S.S. Lexington, Acting Ensign Henry Booby, withstood a surprise Confederate strike on White River Station, Arkansas, and forced the attacking Confederate troops to withdraw.


1865: The Confederate raider Shenandoah fires the last shot of the Civil War in the Bering Strait.

1898: Admiral Sampson begins amphibious landing near Santiago, Cuba. Lt. Col. Theodore Roosevelt and Col. Leonard Wood led the Rough Riders, a volunteer cavalry regiment, onto the beach at Daiquiri in the Spanish American War.


1941: During Operation Barbarossa over 3 million German troops invade Russia in three parallel offensives, in what is the most powerful invasion force in history. Nineteen panzer divisions, 3,000 tanks, 2,500 aircraft, and 7,000 artillery pieces pour across a thousand-mile front as Hitler goes to war on a second front.

1942: A Japanese submarine shelled Fort Stevens, Oregon, at the mouth of the Columbia River.

1944: President Roosevelt signed the GI Bill of Rights, authorizing a broad package of benefits for World War II veterans.

1944: After a preparatory air raid on Cherbourg, in which over 1000 tons of bombs are dropped, the divisions of the US 7th Corps (part of US 1st Army) begin assaulting the city of Cherbourg. There is heavy German resistance.