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The difficulty of tactical maneuvering consists in turning the devious into the direct, and misfortune into gain.

-- Sun Tzu

1st Battalion, 7th Air Defense Artillery

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Constituted 8 March 1898 in the Regular Army as Battery A, 7th Regiment of Artillery

Organized 29 March 1898 at Fort Slocum, New York

Reorganized and redesignated 13 February 1901 as the 72d Company, Coast Artillery, Artillery Corps

Redesignated 2 February 1907 as the 72d Company, Coast Artillery Corps

Reorganized and redesignated in July 1916 as the 1st Company, Fort Screven [Georgia]

Reorganized and redesignated 31 August 1917 as the 1st Company, Coast Defenses of Savannah

Reorganized and redesignated 1 June 1922 as the 72d Company, Coast Artillery Corps

Reorganized and redesignated 1 July 1924 as Battery A, 7th Coast Artillery

Inactivated 7 April 1930 at Fort Hancock, New Jersey

Activated 1 July 1939 at Fort Hancock, New Jersey

Inactivated 7 April 1944 at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri

Disbanded 14 June 1944

Reconstituted 28 June 1950 in the Regular Army; concurrently consolidated with Battery A, 126th Antiaircraft Artillery Gun Battalion (see ANNEX), and consolidated unit redesignated as Battery A, 7th
Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion

Redesignated 13 December 1951 as Battery A, 7th Antiaircraft Artillery Automatic Weapons Battalion

Activated 20 December 1951 at Camp Edwards, Massachusetts

Redesignated 30 June 1955 as Battery A, 7th Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion

Inactivated 1 September 1958 in Germany; concurrently consolidated with Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Howitzer Battalion, 7th Artillery (active) (organized in 1916), and consolidated unit designated as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Howitzer Battalion, 7th Artillery, an element of the 1st Infantry Division (organic elements constituted 8 February 1957 and activated 15 February 1957)

Redesignated (less former Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Howitzer Battalion, 7th Artillery) 1 September 1971 as the 1st Battalion, 7th Air Defense Artillery, and inactivated at Fort Riley, Kansas (former Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Howitzer Battalion, 7th Artillery, concurrently reorganized and redesignated as the 1st Battalion, 7th Field Artillery - hereafter separate lineage)

1st Battalion, 7th Air Defense Artillery, activated 13 September 1972 at Fort Bliss, Texas

Inactivated 16 June 1987 at Fort Bliss, Texas

Activated 16 December 1988 in Germany

ANNEX

Constituted 25 February 1943 in the Army of the United States as Battery A, 126th Coast Artillery Battalion

Activated 10 May 1943 at Camp Haan, California

Reorganized and redesignated 28 June 1943 as Battery A, 126th Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion

Inactivated 3 January 1946 at Camp Patrick Henry, Virginia

1st Battalion
7th Air Defense Artillery Honors

Campaign Participation Credit

World War II: Normandy; Northern France; Rhineland; * Ardennes-Alsace; * Central Europe; * England 1944

Korean War: UN Defensive; UN Offensive; CCF Intervention; First UN Counteroffensive; CCF Spring Offensive; UN Summer-Fall Offensive; Second Korean Winter; Korea, Summer 1953

Vietnam: * Defense; * Counteroffensive; * Counteroffensive, Phase II; * Counteroffensive, Phase III; * Tet Counteroffensive; * Counteroffensive, Phase IV; * Counteroffensive, Phase V; * Counteroffensive, Phase VI; Tet 69/Counteroffensive; Summer-Fall 1969; Winter-Spring 1970

Southwest Asia: * Liberation and Defense of Kuwait

Decorations

Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for DEFENSE OF KOREA

* Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) for VIETNAM 1966-1967

* Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) for VIETNAM 1967-1968

* Army Superior Unit Award for 1991-1992

* Army Superior Unit Award for 1992-1993

* Belgian Fourragere 1940

* Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action at LIEGE

* Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action in the ARDENNES

* Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm for VIETNAM 1965-1968

* Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm for VIETNAM 1969-1970

* Republic of Vietnam Civil Action Honor Medal, First Class for VIETNAM 1965-1970
Military History
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This Day in History
1798: Believing that a French invasion of Ireland is imminent, Irish nationalists rise up against the British occupation.

1846: General Zachary Taylor captures Monterey.

1861: General Benjamin Butler declares slaves to be the contraband of war.

1863: Bushwackers led by Captain William Marchbanks attack a Federal militia party in Nevada, Missouri.

1864: Union General Ulysses S. Grant continues to pound away at Robert E. Lees Army of Northern Virginia in the engagement along the North Anna River that had begun the day before.

1941: Germanys largest battleship, the Bismarck, sinks the pride of the British fleet, HMS Hood.

1943: The extermination camp at Auschwitz, Poland, receives a new doctor, 32-year-old Josef Mengele, a man who will earn the nickname "the Angel of Death."

1951: Lines Kansas and Wyoming became increasingly important with the possibility of a cease-fire and the demilitarized zone that might be required.