Decrease Font Size Increase Font Size
Login

Military Photos



Online
There are 115 users online

You can register for a user account here.
Library of Congress

Military Quotes

Making no mistakes is what establishes the certainty of victory, for it means conquering an enemy that is already defeated.

-- Sun Tzu

Fiery Vigil, Philippines NEO, June 1991

(317 total words in this text)
(2169 Reads)  Printer-friendly page
Operation Fiery Vigil

Following the 12 June 1991 eruption of Mount Pinatubo, US forces evacuated Clark Air Force Base and most personnel from Subic Bay Naval Base. The commanding general, 13th USAF, was in command of the JTF.

The first, low-level eruption of Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines occurred on 9 June 1991. The Secretary of Defense authorized evacuation of all non-essential military and DOD civilian personnel and their dependents at Clark Air Base to safe haven elsewhere in the Philippines. Evacuation began at 0600 local on 10 June. Shortly thereafter, a massive eruption of Mount Pinatubo occurred on 15 June that sent debris over 100,000 feet into the air and then down onto Clark, burying the base under one to two feet of ash. Those who fled the base never went back, but rather were evacuated to Andersen Air Force Base and processed through Guam for final return to the continental United States.

A team of 11 engineers and utility systems specialists from Headquarters PACAF and the 554th RED HORSE arrived at Clark Air Base on 22 June to assess the damage caused by Mount Pinatubo to determine the fate of the base. On 12 July, the Secretary of the Air Force announced the Air Force would leave the Philippines no later than 16 September 1992. On 4 September, a lahar, 20 to 40 feet high and almost 200 feet wide, smashed along the southern boundary of Clark Air Base, sweeping away a security policeman who was subsequently rescued.

The Secretary of the Air Force visited Clark Air Base on 5 November and paid tribute to those who remained throughout the volcanic activity and cleanup-the Ash Warriors. The American flag was lowered for the last time on 26 November 1991 by those Ash Warriors and Clark Air Base was turned over to the government of the Philippines, ending over 90 years of US presence at the base.
Military History
Forum Posts

Military Polls

Does the VA receive enough funding to accomplish its mission?

[ Results | Polls ]

Votes: 131

This Day in History
1777: The American flag is flown in battle for the first time, during a Revolutionary War skirmish at Cooch's Bridge, Maryland.

1782: As a token of gratitude for French aid during the American Revolution, the U.S. gives the America (first ship-of-the-line built by U.S.) to France to replace a French ship lost in Boston.

1783: The Treaty of Paris between the United States and Great Britain officially ended the Revolutionary War.

1826: USS Vincennes left NY to become first warship to circumnavigate globe.

1855: General William Harney and 700 soldiers take revenge for the Grattan Massacre with a brutal attack on a Sioux village in Nebraska.

1861: Confederate General Leonidas Polk commits a major political blunder by marching his troops into Columbus, Kentucky, negating Kentucky's avowed neutrality and causing the Unionist legislature to invite the U.S. government to drive the invaders away.

1862: U.S.S. Essex, commanded by Commodore W. D. Porter, in pursuit of the C.S.S. Webb, had a landing party fired on at Natchez, Mississippi, from which Union forces had withdrawn on 25 July. Essex bombarded the town for an hour, after which the mayor "unconditionally surrendered" the city to Porter.

1864: The Battle of Berryville, VA. takes place.

1908: Orville Wright began two weeks of flight trials that impressed onlookers with his complete control of his new Type A Military Flyer. In addition to setting an altitude record of 310 feet and an endurance record of more than one hour, he had carried aloft the first military observer, Lieutenant Frank Lahm.

1925: The dirigible "Shenandoah" crashed near Caldwell Ohio, 13 die. The 682-foot Shenandoah, a dirigible built by the U.S. Navy in 1923, broke apart in mid-air.