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The power of example is very important to people under stress.

-- General Sir John Hackett

British Western Command on 3 September 1939

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Western Command on 3 September 1939


Western Command: HQ Chester

Wales and the Counties of Cumberland, Westmoreland, Lancashire, Staffordshire, Shropshire, Herefordshire, Cheshire, and Beachley, Gloucestershire.
The Isle of Man and the coast defence garrisons of Berehaven, Queenstown and (for the purpose of technical training only) Lough Switly.

		Field Troops (Regular)

			2nd Battalion, The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment): Pembroke Dock, South Wales
			
			2nd Anti-Aircraft Brigade: HQ Lichfield
				1st Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RA: Lichfield
					1st, 2nd, 17th Anti-Aircraft Batteries
					4th Light Anti-Aircraft Battery
				2nd Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RA: Lichfield
					4th, 5th, 6th Anti-Aircraft Batteries
					2nd Light Anti-Aircraft Battery

		Other Regular Troops in the Command

			Western Command Signals: Chester

			Royal Artillery Fixed Defences, North-Western Ports: HQ Liverpool
				Mersey Fire Command: Liverpool

			Royal Artillery Fixed Defences, Welsh Ports: HQ Defensible Barracks, Pembroke Dock
				Milford Haven Fire Command: Pembroke
				Severn Fire Command: Barry Island

	Welsh Area: HQ Shrewsbury 

	Wales and Shropshire, Herefordshire and Beachley (Gloucestershire) 

		Regular Infantry Depots in the Area

			The Royal Welch Fusiliers: Wrexham
			The South Wales Borderers: Brecon
			The Welch Regiment: Cardiff
			The King's Shropshire Light Infantry: Shrewsbury

		Militia in the Area

			3rd Field Depot, RA: Oswesting
			4th Field Depot, RA: Kinmel
			10th Anti-Aircraft Depot, RA: Oswesting
			11th Anti-Aircraft Depot, RA: Oswesting
			15th Searchlight Depot, RA: Oswesting
			16th Searchlight Depot, RA: Kinmel
			17th Searchlight Depot, RA: Hereford

		Territorial Army Divisions and Brigades in the Area

			53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division: HQ Shrewbury
				HQ Royal Artillery: Morfe House Belle Vue Road, Shrewsbury
					81st (Welsh) Field Regiment, R.A. (T.A.)
						HQ, 323rd (Glamorgan) Bty: Port Talbot
						324th (Glamorgan) Bty: Bridgend
					83rd (Welsh) Field Regiment, R.A. (T.A.)
						HQ, 329th (Monmouth) Bty: Newport
						330th (Monmouth) Bty: Cross Keys
					133rd Field Regiment, R.A. (T.A.)
						HQ, 331st (Momouth) Bty: Griffithstown
						332nd (Radnor) Bty: Knighton, Radnor
					60th (Royal Welch Fusiliers) Anti-Tank Regiment, R.A. (T.A.)
						HQ, 237th-240th Btys: Flint
				HQ Royal Engineers: Swansea
					244th (Welsh) Field Company, RE: Swansea
					245th (Welsh) Field Company, RE: Neath
					282nd Field Company, RE: Port Talbot
					285th Field Park Company, RE: Goreinon
				53rd Divisional Signals: Cardiff

				158th Infantry Brigade: HQ Wrexham
					4th (Denbigh) Battalion, The Royal Welch Fusiliers: Wrexham
					6th (Carnarvon and Angesley) Battalion, The Royal Welch Fusiliers: Caernarvon
					7th (Merioneth and Montgomery) Battalion, The Royal Welch Fusiliers: Newtown

				159th Infantry Brigade: HQ Newport
					4th Battalion, The King's Shropshire Light Infantry: Shrewsbury
					3rd Battalion, The Monmouthshire Regiment, The South Wales Borderers: Abergavenny
					1st Battalion, The Herefordshire Regiment, The King's Shropshire Light Infantry: Hereford

				160th Infantry Brigade: HQ Cardiff
					4th (Llanelly) Battalion, The Welch Regiment: Llanelly
					1st/5th (Glamorgan) Battalion, The Welch Regiment: Pontypridd
					2nd Battalion, The Monmouthshire Regiment, The South Wales Borderers: Pontypool

			38th (Welsh) Infantry Division
				HQ Royal Artillery
					102nd (Pembroke and Cardiganshire) Army Field Regiment, R.A. (T.A.)
						HQ, 405th (Pembroke Yeomanry) Bty: Pembroke Dock
						406th (Pembroke Yeomanry) Bty: Haversford West
					132nd Field Regiment, R.A. (T.A.)
						HQ, 322nd (Glamorgan) Bty: Neath
						321st (Glamorgan) Bty: Swansea
					146th Field Regiment, R.A. (T.A.)
						HQ, 408th (Cardigan) Bty: Aberystwyth
						407th (Cardigan) Bty: Cardigan
				HQ Royal Engineers: Cardiff
					283rd Field Company, RE: Barry
					284th Field Company, RE: Cardiff
					247th (Welsh) Field Park Company, RE: Goreinon
				38th Divisional Signals

				113th Infantry Brigade
					15th (Carmarthanshire) Battalion, The Welch Regiment: Llanelly
					2nd/5th Battalion, The Welch Regiment: Swansea
					4th Battalion, The Monmouthshire Regiment, The South Wales Borderers: Newport

				114th Infantry Brigade
					5th Battalion, The King's Shropshire Light Infantry: Ross-on-Wye
					The Brecknockshire Battalion, The South Wales Borderers: Brecon
					2nd Battalion, The Herefordshire Regiment, The King's Shropshire Light Infantry: Hereford

				115th Infantry Brigade
					8th Battalion, The Royal Welch Fusiliers: Wrexham
					9th  Battalion, The Royal Welch Fusiliers: Conway
					10th Battalion, The Royal Welch Fusiliers: Newtown

		Other Territorial Army Troops in the Area

			The Shropshire Yeomanry: Shrewsbury
			70th Anti-Tank Regiment, R.A. (T.A.)
				HQ, 277th-280th Btys: Mold
			61st (Carnarvon and Denbighshire (Yeomanry)) Medium Regiment, R.A. (T.A.)
				HQ, 243rd (Denbigh) Bty: Colyn Bay
				242nd (Carnarvon) Bty: Llandudno
			69th Medium Regiment, R.A. (T.A.)
				HQ, 241st (Carnarvon) Bty: Bangor
				244th (Denbigh) Bty: Wrexham
			246th (Welsh) Field Company, RE: Cardiff

		Coast Defence, Territorial Army, in the Area

			Glamorgan Heavy Regiment, R.A. (T.A.)
				HQ, 181st Bty: Drill Hall, Cardiff
			East Riding Heavy Regiment, R.A. (T.A.)
				HQ, 182nd, 183rd Btys: Hull
			Pembrokeshire Heavy Regiment, R.A. (T.A.)
				HQ, 184th Bty: Milford Haven
				185th Bty: Saundershaven
			Glamorgan (Fortress) RE: Burry
				No. 1 (EL & W) Coy: Burry
			Carmarthanshire (Fortress) RE: Llanelly
				No. 2 AA Coy: Llanelly
				No. 1 (Electrical Lights and Work) Coy: Carmarthan
		
	West Lancashire Area: HQ Liverpool 

Lancaster South and west of a line all inclusive, Bispham, Poulton-le-Fylde, Catterall, Chipping, Mellon, Chorley, Turton, Kearsley, Irlam (less Fulwood Barracks, Preston); Cheshire and Staffordshire.

		Regular Infantry Depots in the Area

			The King's Regiment (Liverpool): Seaforth
			The Cheshire Regiment: Chester
			The South Staffordshire Regiment: Lichfield
			The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers): Warrington
			The North Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's): Lichfield

		Militia in the Area

			12th Anti-Aircraft Depot, RA: Saighton
			18th Searchlight Depot, RA: Saighton

		Territorial Army Divisions and Brigades in the Area

			6th Cavalry Brigade: HQ 19 Magazine Square, Leicester
				The Cheshire Yeomanry (The Earl of Chester's): Chester
				The Staffordshire Yeomanry (Queen's Own Royal Regiment): Stafford

			23rd Army Tank Brigade: HQ Drill Hall, Score Lane, Liverpool
				40th Royal Tank Regiment: Liverpool and Bootle
				46th Royal Tank Regiment: Liverpool

			55th (West Lancashire) Division: HQ Liverpool*
				HQ Royal Artillery: St. George Building, Lime Street, Liverpool
					61st (North Midland) Field Regiment, R.A. (T.A.)
						HQ, 241st, 242nd (North Staffordshire) Btys: Shelton, Stoke-on-Trent
					87th (1st West Lancashire) Field Regiment, R.A. (T.A.)
						HQ, 345th (1st West Lancashire) 346th (2nd West Lancashire) Btys: Edge Hill, Liverpool
					116th Field Regiment, R.A. (T.A.)
						HQ: Hanley
						243rd (Leek) Bty: Leek
						244th (Stafford) Bty: Stafford
					136th Field Regiment, R.A. (T.A.)
						HQ, 347th (3rd West Lancashire), 348th (25th West Lancashire) Btys: Edge Hill, Liverpool
					66th Anti-Tank Regiment, R.A. (T.A.)
						HQ, 261st-264th Btys: Crosby
				HQ Royal Engineers: Aigburth
					509th, 510th Field Companies, RE: Liverpool
					511th Field Park Company, RE: Liverpool
				5th Battalion, The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire) M/C: Bolton
				6th Battalion, The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire) M/C: Bolton
				55th Divisional Signals: Liverpool

				164th Infantry Brigade: HQ Warrington
					9th Battalion, The King's Regiment (Liverpool)
					1st/4th, 2nd/4th Battalions, The South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers): Warrington

				165th Infantry Brigade: HQ Liverpool
					5th Battalion, The King's Regiment (Liverpool)
					1st, 2nd Battalions, The Liverpool Scottish, The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders: Liverpool

				166th Infantry Brigade: HQ Ashford House, Burton-on-Trent
					7th Battalion, The South Staffordshire Regiment: Brownhills
					6th, 7th Battalions, The North Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's): Burton-on-Trent

				177th Infantry Brigade: HQ Burton Manor, Stafford
					5th Battalion, The South Staffordshire Regiment: Walsall
					1st/6th Battalion, The South Staffordshire Regiment: Wolverhampton
					2nd/6th Battalion, The South Staffordshire Regiment: Bilston

	*On 4 September 1939, the 55th Division split to form 55th and 59th (Staffordshire) Division with HQ at The Dale, Chester.
59th Division included 176th (ex-166th) and 177th Infantry Brigades; 61st and 116th Field Regiments, RA and 6th Battalion, The Loyal Regiment.
All other units remained with 55th (West Lancashire) Division. Coast Defence, Territorial Army, in the Area Lancashire and Cheshire Heavy Regiment, R.A. (T.A.) HQ, 177th Bty: Liverpool 178th Bty: Seacombe, Wallasey Lancashire (Fortress) RE: Liverpool No. 1 (EL & W) Coy: Liverpool Other Territorial Army Troops in the Area 4th Battalion, The Cheshire Regiment M-G: Chester 5th (Earl of Chester's) Battalion, The Cheshire Regiment M-G: Knutsford 6th Battalion, The Cheshire Regiment M-G: Stockport 7th Battalion, The Cheshire Regiment M-G: Macclesfield 106th Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery (Lancashire Yeomanry) (T.A.) HQ, 423rd, 424th (Lancashire Hussars Yeomanry) Btys: 76 Shaw Street, Liverpool 149th Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery (Lancashire Yeomanry) (T.A.) HQ, 432nd, 433rd Btys: Hoylake 88th (2nd West Lancashire) Field Regiment, R.A. (T.A.) HQ, 352nd (26th West Lancashire) Bty: Preston 351st (11th West Lancashire) Bty: Blackpool 137th Field Regiment, R.A. (T.A.) HQ: Blackpool 349th (9th West Lancashire) Bty: Preston 350th (10th West Lancashire) Bty: Lancaster 51st (Midland) Medium Regiment, R.A. (T.A.) HQ, 215th (Staffordshire) Bty: Stoke-on-Trent 240th (Shropshire Horse Artillery) Bty: Shrewsbury 59th (4th West Lancashire) Medium Regiment, R.A. (T.A.) HQ, 235th, 236th (West Lancashire) Btys: Liverpool 63rd Medium Regiment, R.A. (T.A.) HQ, 216th (Staffordshire) Bty: Stoke-on-Trent 214th (2nd West Riding) Bty: Hudersfield - Detached 68th Medium Regiment, R.A. (T.A.) HQ, 233rd, 234th (West Lancashire) Bty: Liverpool HQ Mobile Divisional RE: Liverpool 2nd (Cheshire) Field Squadron, RE: Birkenhead 3rd (Cheshire) Field Squadron, RE: Wallasey 141st Field Park Troop, RE: Liverpool 142nd Field Park Troop, RE 252nd, 253rd (West Lancashire) Field Companies, RE: St. Helens 254th (West Lancashire) Field Park Company, RE: Liverpool 213th (North Midland) Field Company, RE: Cannock 214th (North Midland) Field Company, RE: Tunstall 290th Field Company, RE: Rowley Regis 291st Field Company, RE: Walsall 292nd Field Company, RE: The Potteries 293rd Field Park Company, RE: Stafford East Lancashire Area: HQ Manchester

Cumberland, Westmoreland, Fulwood Barracks, Preston and that part of Lancaster not in the West Lancashire Area.

		Regular Infantry Depots in the Area

			The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster): Lancaster
			The Lancashire Fusiliers: Bury
			The East Lancashire Regiment: Preston
			The Border Regiment: Carlisle
			The Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire): Preston
			The Manchester Regiment: Ashton-under-Lyme

		Militia in the Area

			13th Anti-Aircraft Depot, RA: Carlisle
			23rd Searchlight Depot, RA: Carlisle

		Territorial Army Divisions and Brigades in the Area

			24th Army Tank Brigade: HQ Leeds
				41st Royal Tank Regiment: Oldham, Manchester
				42nd Royal Tank Regiment: Manchester

			42nd (East Lancashire) Infantry Division: HQ Manchester
				HQ Royal Artillery: 145, Withington Road, Whalley Range, Manchester, 16
					51st (Westmoreland and Cumberland) Field Regiment, R.A. (T.A.)
						HQ, 370th (Cumberland Yeomanry) Bty: Carlisle
						203rd (Cumberland) Bty: Whitehaven
					52nd (Manchester) Field Regiment, R.A. (T.A.)
						HQ, 205th, 206th Btys: Manchester
					53rd (Bolton) Field Regiment, R.A. (T.A.)
						HQ, 209th, 210th (East Lancashire) Btys: Bolton
					56th (King's Own) Anti-Tank Regiment, R.A. (T.A.)
						HQ, 221st-224th Btys: Ulverston
				HQ Royal Engineers: Manchester
					200th, 201st, 202nd (East Lancashire) Field Companies, RE: Manchester
					203rd (East Lancashire) Field Park Company, RE: Smethwick
				42nd Divisional Signals: Manchester

				125th Infantry Brigade: HQ Bury
					1st/5th Battalion, The Lancashire Fusiliers: Bury
					1st/6th Battalion, The Lancashire Fusiliers: Rochdale
					1st/8th Battalion, The Lancashire Fusiliers: Salford

				126th Infantry Brigade: HQ Carlisle
					5th Battalion, The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster): Leonardgate, Lancaster
					4th (Westmoreland) Battalion, The Border Regiment: Kendal
					5th (Cumberland) Battalion, The Border Regiment: Workington

				127th Infantry Brigade: HQ Ashton-under-Lyme
					4th Battalion, The East Lancashire Regiment: Blackburn
					5th Battalion, The Manchester Regiment: Wigan
					8th (Ardwick) Battalion, The Manchester Regiment: Ardwick, Manchester

			66th Infantry Division
				HQ Royal Artillery
					109th Field Regiment, R.A. (T.A.)
						HQ, 204th (Cumberland Yeomanry) Bty: Workington
						369th (Westmoreland Yeomanry) Bty: Carlisle
					110th Field Regiment, R.A. (T.A.)
						HQ, 207th, 208th (East Lancashire) Btys: Manchester 
					111th Field Regiment, R.A. (T.A.)
						HQ, 211th, 212th (East Lancashire) Btys: Bolton
				HQ Royal Engineers: Manchester
					255th, 256th Field Companies, RE: Manchester
					258th Field Park Company, RE: Manchester
				66th Divisional Signals

				197th Infantry Brigade
					2nd/5th Battalion, The Lancashire Fusiliers: Bury
					2nd/6th Battalion, The Lancashire Fusiliers: Middleton
					5th Battalion, The East Lancashire Regiment: Burnley

				198th Infantry Brigade
					8th Battalion, The King's Regiment (Liverpool): Liverpool
					6th (East Cumberland) Battalion, The Border Regiment: Carlisle
					7th (Cumberland) Battalion, The Border Regiment: Whitehaven

				199th Infantry Brigade: HQ Ashton-under-Lyme
					2nd/8th Battalion, The Lancashire Fusiliers: Kersal
					6th Battalion, The Manchester Regiment: Leigh
					7th Battalion, The Manchester Regiment: Didsbury

		Other Territorial Army Troops in the Area

			The Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry: Manchester
			1st/9th Battalion, The Manchester Regiment M-G: Ashton-under-Lyme
			2nd/9th Battalion, The Manchester Regiment M-G: Andenshaw
			52nd (East Lancashire) Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, R.A. (T.A.)
				HQ, 155th (East Lancashire) Bty: Burnley
				154th (East Lancashire) Bty: Church
				156th (East Lancashire) Bty: Clitheroe
			56th (East Lancashire) Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, R.A. (T.A.)
				HQ, 166th-168th Btys: Oswaldtwistle
			257th Field Company, RE: Manchester

	Supplementary Reserve Troops in the Command

		100th, 101st (Monmouth) Army Troops Companies, RE: Monmouth
		104th (East Lancashire) Army Troops Company, RE: Manchester
		105th (West Lancashire) Army Troops Company, RE: Liverpool
		154th (Great Western) Railway Operating Company, RE: Newport
		No. 2 Company, LOC Signals, RCS: Manchester
		No. 3 (West Lancashire) Company, LOC Signals: Liverpool
		No. 1 (East Lancashire) Corps Medium Artillery Section, RCS: Manchester
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