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Sometimes it is entirely appropriate to kill a fly with a sledge hammer.

-- Major Holdridge

Army

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All other organizations larger than a Corps are generically termed ?Army?. ?An Army has three levels, all dependent upon the size and scope of the conflict. ?These levels are a ?Theater Army?, a ?Field Army?, and an ?Army Group?. ?An Army is normally commanded by a Lieutenant General (0-9) or ?full? General (0-10) and assisted by a Command Sergeant Major (E-9) and a large staff. ?There are currently three standing Armies ? the First, Third and Fifth U.S. Army. ??A Theater Army is the ranking Army component in a unified command, and it has operational and support responsibilities that are assigned by the theater commander. ?The theater commander and Theater Army Commander may order formation of a Field Army to direct operations of assigned Corps and Divisions. ?An Army Group, composed of two or more Field Armies under a designated commander, is the largest tactical formation used in combat operations. ?However, formations of this type have not been employed since World War II. ??(General Schwartzkopf commanded a Field Army during Operation Desert Storm; during Operation Iraqi Freedom, the Corps was the largest Army organization employed.)
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This Day in History
1544: Francis, the king of France, and Charles V of Austria signed a peace treaty in Crespy, France, ending a 20-year war.

1777: American forces under Gen. Horatio Gates meet British troops led by Gen. John Burgoyne at Saratoga Springs, NY.

1862: Union troops under General William Rosecrans defeat a Confederate force commanded by General Sterling Price at Iuka in northern Mississippi.

1863: Union General William Rosecrans and Confederate General Braxton Bragg begin a major battle at Chickamauga, Georgia. The following day, the Confederates routed the Yankees and sent them in retreat to Chattanooga, Tennessee.

1864: Union General Philip Sheridan routs a Confederate force under General Jubal Early in Virginias Shenandoah Valley. This battle was part of Sheridans pacification of the valley.

1912: Marines participated in the Battle of Masaya during the Nicaraguan Campaign.

1918: American troops of the Allied North Russia Expeditionary Force battle Soviet forces near the town of Seltso.

1944: The three month battle at Huertgen Forest on the Belgian-German border began.

1948: Moscow announces it will withdrawal soldiers from Korea by the end of the year.

1950: The 1,496-man Filipino 10th Infantry Battalion Combat Team, with attached tanks and artillery, arrived in Korea.