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Military Quotes

The nation that will insist on drawing a broad line of demarcation between the fighting man and the thinking man is liable to have its fighting done by fools and its thinking done by cowards.

-- Sir William Francis Butler

Army

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All other organizations larger than a Corps are generically termed ?Army?. ?An Army has three levels, all dependent upon the size and scope of the conflict. ?These levels are a ?Theater Army?, a ?Field Army?, and an ?Army Group?. ?An Army is normally commanded by a Lieutenant General (0-9) or ?full? General (0-10) and assisted by a Command Sergeant Major (E-9) and a large staff. ?There are currently three standing Armies ? the First, Third and Fifth U.S. Army. ??A Theater Army is the ranking Army component in a unified command, and it has operational and support responsibilities that are assigned by the theater commander. ?The theater commander and Theater Army Commander may order formation of a Field Army to direct operations of assigned Corps and Divisions. ?An Army Group, composed of two or more Field Armies under a designated commander, is the largest tactical formation used in combat operations. ?However, formations of this type have not been employed since World War II. ??(General Schwartzkopf commanded a Field Army during Operation Desert Storm; during Operation Iraqi Freedom, the Corps was the largest Army organization employed.)
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This Day in History
1565: Pedro Menendez of Spain wipes out the French at Fort Caroline, in Florida.

1604: After a two-year siege, the Spanish retake Ostend, the Netherlands, from the Dutch.

1853: The Allies defeat the Russians at the battle of Alma on the Crimean Peninsula.

1863: In one of the bloodiest battles of the war, the Confederate Army of Tennessee drives the Union Army of the Cumberland back into Chattanooga, Tennessee, from Chickamauga Creek in northern Georgia.

1917: British advance east of Ypres and take Inverness Copse, Glencorse Wood, Veldhoek, and part of Polygon Wood amassing 2,000 prisoners.

1943: British submarines attempt to sink the German battleship Tirpitz as it sits in Norwegian waters, as Operation Source gets underway.

1965: Seven U.S. planes are downed in one day over Vietnam.

1968: U.S. military spokesmen defend the use of defoliants in Vietnam at a news conference in Saigon, claiming that the use of the agents in selected areas of South Vietnam had neither appreciably altered the countrys ecology, nor produced any harmful effects on human or animal life.

1972: The USAF reveals that U.S. planes have been mining the coastal rivers and canals of northern Quang Tri province below the DMZ, the first mining of waterways within South Vietnam.

480: Themistocles and his Greek fleet win one of historys first decisive naval victories over Xerxes Persian force off Salamis.