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Every plan of campaign ought to have several branches and to have been so well thought out that one or other of the said branches cannot fail of success.

-- Bourchet

German missiles of WW2

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During World War II, Germany developed many missile systems, some of which were extremely advanced.

These included the first cruise missile, the first short range ballistic missile, the first guided surface-to-air missiles, and the first anti-ship missiles.

List of missiles


Surface-to-surface missiles
Both the V1 and V2 were used operationally, against London and other targets. The Rheinbote was fired against Antwerp.

V1 flying bomb
V2 rocket
Rheinbote


Surface-to-air missiles
Germany developed a number of surface-to-air missile systems, none of which were ever used operationally:

Enzian
Rheintochter (an air-to-air variant was also planned)
Wasserfall missile
Schmetterling (an air-to-air variant was also planned)
Bachem Ba 349 "Natter" (a manned rocket which would be launched vertically and which in turn would shoot down enemy aircraft with a battery of smaller rockets)


Air-to-air missiles
X-4 missile (anti-tank variants of this were also designed, such as the X-7 and X-10)
R4M rocket


Anti-ship missiles
German anti-ship missiles were used operationally against allied shipping in 1943, notably in the Mediterranean Sea:

Fritz X anti-ship missile
Henschel Hs 293 air-to-ship gliding guided bomb
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This Day in History
1701: Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac established Fort Ponchartrain for France on the future site of the city of Detroit, Michigan, in an attempt to halt the advance of the English into the western Great Lakes region.

1766: At Fort Ontario, Canada, Ottawa chief Pontiac and William Johnson signed a peace agreement.

1862: Rear Admiral Farragut's fleet departed its station below Vicksburg, as the falling water level of the river and sickness among his ships' crews necessitated withdrawal to Baton Rouge and New Orleans.

1863: Battle at Battle Mountain, Virginia.

1863: Rear Admiral Dahlgren's ironclads and gunboats, including U.S.S. New Ironsides, Weehauken, Patapsco, Montauk, Catskill, Nantucket, Paul Jones, Ottawa, Seneca, and Dai Ching, bombarded Fort Wagner in support of Army operations ashore.

1864: Confederate General Jubal Early defeats Union troops under General George Crook to keep the Shenandoah Valley clear of Yankees.

1864: Confederate guerrillas captured and burned steamer Kingston, which had run aground the preceding day between Smith's Point and Windmill Point on the Virginia shore of Chesapeake Bay.

1866: Tennessee became the first state to be readmitted to the Union after the Civil War.

1936: CGC Cayuga was ordered to San Sebastian, Spain as the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War necessitated the evacuation of U.S. citizens.

1943: The US 45th Division (OKARNG) captures Cefalu and Castelbouno, on the northern coast. Inland, American units advance on Nicosia.